Claude Hélène

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The reactivation of telomerase activity in most cancer cells supports the concept that telomerase is a relevant target in oncology, and telomerase inhibitors have been proposed as new potential anticancer agents. The telomeric G-rich single-stranded DNA can adopt in vitro an intramolecular quadruplex structure, which has been shown to inhibit telomerase(More)
The telomeric G-rich single-stranded DNA can adopt in vitro an intramolecular quadruplex structure, which has been shown to directly inhibit telomerase activity. The reactivation of this enzyme in immortalized and most cancer cells suggests that telomerase is a relevant target in oncology, and telomerase inhibitors have been proposed as new potential(More)
Two synthetically modified nucleoside triphosphate analogues (adenosine modified with an imidazole and uridine modified with a cationic amine) are enzymatically polymerized in tandem along a degenerate DNA library for the combinatorial selection of an RNAse A mimic. The selected activity is consistent with both electrostatic and general acid/base catalysis(More)
Oligonucleotide-directed triple helix formation is a powerful approach to block transcription of specific genes. Although the oligonucleotide triplex approach is efficient for inhibiting gene expression in cultured cells, suppression is transient. We developed an approach which inhibits insulin-like growth factor-I (IGF-I) expression following stable(More)
We have studied the translation of rabbit globin mRNA in cell free systems (reticulocyte lysate and wheat germ extract) and in microinjected Xenopus oocytes in the presence of anti-sense oligodeoxynucleotides. Results obtained with the unmodified all-oxygen compounds were compared with those obtained when phosphorothioate or alpha-DNA was used. In the wheat(More)
Specific gene expression involves the binding of natural ligands to the DNA base pairs. Among the compounds rationally designed for artificial regulation of gene expression, oligonucleotides can bind with a high specificity of recognition to the major groove of double helical DNA by forming Hoogsteen type bonds with purine bases of the Watson-Crick base(More)
Lipofectin, which is a mixture of neutral lipid with a cationic lipid, has been widely used to enhance cellular delivery of phosphorothioate, 2'-sugar-modified, and chimeric antisense oligonucleotides. Phosphodiester oligonucleotides delivered with Lipofectin usually do not elicit antisense activity probably because cationic lipid formulations do not(More)
A homopurine-homopyrimidine sequence of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) proviral DNA was chosen as a target for triple-helix-forming oligonucleotides. An oligonucleotide containing three bases (thymine, cytosine, and guanine) was shown to bind to its target sequence under physiological conditions. This oligonucleotide is bound in a parallel orientation(More)
The control of gene transcription by antigene oligonucleotides rests upon the specific recognition of double-helical DNA by triplex-forming oligonucleotides. The development of the antigene strategy requires access to the targeted DNA sequence within the chromatin structure of the cell nucleus. In this sudy we have used HIV-1 chronically infected cells(More)