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Neuropathic pain that occurs after peripheral nerve injury depends on the hyperexcitability of neurons in the dorsal horn of the spinal cord. Spinal microglia stimulated by ATP contribute to tactile allodynia, a highly debilitating symptom of pain induced by nerve injury. Signalling between microglia and neurons is therefore an essential link in neuropathic(More)
Adult neuronal precursors retain the remarkable capacity to migrate long distances from the posterior (subventricular zone) to the most anterior [olfactory bulb (OB)] parts of the brain. The knowledge about the mechanisms that keep neuronal precursors in the migratory stream and organize this long-distance migration is incomplete. Here we show that blood(More)
Rat optic nerve (ON) transection leads to mainly apoptotic cell death of about 85% of the retinal ganglion cell (RGC) population within 14 days after lesion. In the present study, we tested the effect of adenovirally delivered CNTF (Ad-CNTF) on survival and regeneration of axotomized adult RGCs in vivo. Single intravitreal Ad-CNTF injection led to stable(More)
Retrograde and anterograde transport of tracers, electrophysiological recording, somatotopic mapping, and histochemical and immunological techniques have all revealed a parasagittal parcellation of the cerebellar cortex, including its efferent and many of its afferent connections. In order to establish whether the different compartments share a common(More)
The Purkinje cells of the cerebellar cortex and the cortical afferent and efferent projections are organized into parallel parasagittal zones. The parasagittal organization is clearly revealed by immunocytochemistry with a monoclonal antibody, mabQ113. The mabQ113 antigen is confined to a subset of Purkinje cells that are clustered together to form an(More)
1-methyl-4-phenyl-1,2,3,6-tetrahydropyridine (MPTP) produces clinical, biochemical, and neuropathological changes reminiscent of those occurring in idiopathic Parkinson's disease (PD). Here we show that a peptide caspase inhibitor, N-benzyloxy-carbonyl-val-ala-asp-fluoromethyl ketone, or adenoviral gene transfer (AdV) of a protein caspase inhibitor,(More)
Despite good initial success in vivo, gene transfer using first-generation replication-defective adenovirus has been reported to lead to transient reporter gene expression and to trigger inflammatory reactions in various organs and animal models. To gain more knowledge on this phenomenon, immune reactions were investigated following in vivo transfection of(More)
Adult rat retinal ganglion cells undergo degeneration after optic nerve transection. Repeated intraocular injection of glial cell-line derived neurotrophic factor (GDNF) has been shown to be efficient in enhancing retinal ganglion cell survival following optic nerve axotomy. In the present study we evaluated the potential survival-promoting effect of(More)
During early postnatal development, a widespread ipsilateral projection to the superior colliculus is secondarily restricted to a small topographically defined region by elimination of ipsilaterally projecting retinal ganglion cells. Brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) has been proposed as the target-derived neurotrophic factor for retinal ganglion(More)
Quantitative electron microscopy has been used to study the number of callosal axons in the corpus callosum of normal and hypothyroid rats during postnatal development. At birth, the normal corpus callosum contains 4.4 x 10(6) axons. This number increases to 11.4 x 10(6) by 5 days of age (P5) and then, in contrast to cats and primates, remains constant(More)