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The commitment of eukaryotic cells to division normally occurs during the G1 phase of the cell cycle. In mammals D-type cyclins regulate the progression of cells through G1 and therefore are important for both proliferative and developmental controls. Plant CycDs (D-type cyclin homologs) have been identified, but their precise function during the plant cell(More)
Four full-length and one partial cDNA clones encoding four different A-type cyclins were isolated from a tobacco S-phase-specific library. The corresponding mRNAs displayed sequential appearance and disappearance during the cell cycle of highly synchronized suspension-cultured tobacco cells. Sequence analysis showed that the plant A-type cyclins can be(More)
Northern blot analysis revealed that the histone H3 and H4 mRNAs are of unusual large size in germinating maize embryos. S1-mapping experiments show that the 3'-untranslated regions of the mRNAs transcribed from 3 H3 and 2 H4 maize genes previously described are much longer than in the non-polyadenylated histone mRNAs which represent a major class in(More)
Protein-DNA interactions in the proximal region of an Arabidopsis H4 histone gene promoter were analyzed by DMS in vivo footprinting combined with LMPCR amplification. Interactions were identified over six particular sequence motifs, five of which were previously shown to bind proteins in maize histone H3 and H4 promoters and are commonly found in the(More)
The respective involvement of transcriptional and post-transcriptional mechanisms in coupling H3 and H4 histone gene expression to the S phase of the cell cycle has been studied in synchronized tobacco cells. Induction of histone gene expression at the G1/S transition is shown to be essentially directed by an increase in the transcription rate in response(More)
A cDNA clone isolated from an Arabidopsis thaliana cell suspension library showed highly significant homology to the small subunit of ribonucleotide reductase (R2) from different species. The 340 amino acid-long deduced putative protein contains all the residues that are important for the enzyme activity and structure. In A. thaliana this enzyme is encoded(More)
The first complete amino acid sequence of a H1 histone of a monocotyledonous plant was deduced from a cDNA isolated from a maize library. The encoded H1 protein is 245 amino acid-long and shows the classical tripartite organization of this class of histones. The central globular region of 76 residues shows 60% sequence homology with H1 proteins from dicots(More)
The tissue-specific pattern of expression directed by the H4A748 Arabidopsis histone promoter was investigated by analysis of beta-glucuronidase (GUS) activity in transgenic Arabidopsis containing H4A748-GUS gene fusions. As determined by fluorimetric and histochemical tests, the H4A748 promoter directs preferential expression in meristems of young(More)
The histone H3 and H4 genes are shown to be expressed in both Arabidopsis plantlets and transitory multicellular suspension. The 5'- and 3'-ends of the H4 mRNAs have been localized on two H4 genes previously sequenced, H4A748 and H4A777. S1-nuclease mapping and reverse-transcriptase-primer-elongation experiments revealed the existence of two start points(More)
Two genes encoding a particular H3 histone variant were isolated from Arabidopsis thaliana. These genes differ from the H3 genes previously cloned from Arabidopsis and other plants by several interesting properties: (1) the two genes are located close to each other; (2) their coding regions are interrupted by two or three small introns, the two closest to(More)