Claude Forest

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The glycine receptor is highly enriched in microdomains of the postsynaptic neuronal surface apposed to glycinergic afferent endings. There is substantial evidence suggesting that the selective clustering of glycine receptor at these sites is mediated by the cytoplasmic protein gephyrin. To investigate the formation of postsynaptic glycine receptor domains,(More)
Protease inhibitors used in the treatment of HIV infection have been causally associated with lipodystrophy and insulin resistance and were shown to alter adipocyte differentiation in cultured cells. We aimed to delineate the mechanism by which indinavir impaired adipocyte function. We report that indinavir altered neither the growth nor insulin sensitivity(More)
CD14, CD68 and/or mouse F4/80 or human epidermal growth factor module-containing mucin-like receptor 1 (EMR1) are widely used as macrophage-specific markers. Since macrophages infiltrate several tissues during inflammatory processes, CD14, CD68 and EMR1-F4/80 have been employed to discriminate between tissue-containing macrophages, like adipose tissue (AT),(More)
Phosphoenolpyruvate carboxykinase (PEPCK) governs the rate-limiting step in gluconeogenesis. Glucocorticoids and adenosine 3',5'-monophosphate (cAMP) increase PEPCK gene transcription and gluconeogenesis, whereas insulin has the opposite effect. Insulin is dominant, since it prevents cAMP and glucocorticoid-stimulated transcription. Glucocorticoid and cAMP(More)
Besides their role as energetic molecules, fatty acids (FAs) also act as signals involved in regulating gene expression. This review focuses on a few examples of FA regulation. The hepatic lipogenic enzyme, fatty acid synthase (FAS) is negatively regulated by polyunsaturated FAs (PUFAs) which suppress sterol regulatory element-binding protein 1 (SREBP 1)(More)
Development changes in the content of the mitochondrial-uncoupling protein (UCP) have been studied in adipose depots of bovine fetuses and a newborn calf as well as in adipose depots of newborn and aging lambs. The occurrence of UCP unique to brown adipose tissue (BAT) was investigated by GDP binding, photoaffinity labeling with 8-azidoadenosine(More)
Interleukin-1beta (IL-1beta) induces degradation via hyperexpression of an array of genes, including metalloproteinases (MMP), in cartilage cells during articular degenerative diseases. In contrast, natural ligands for peroxisome proliferator-activated receptors (PPARs) display protective anti-cytokine effects in these cells. We used the PPAR agonist(More)
BACKGROUND Epidemiological studies emphasize the possible role of persistent organic pollutants (POPs) in obesity and the metabolic syndrome. These pollutants are stored in adipose tissue (AT). OBJECTIVES Our aim was to study the effects of POPs on human adipose cells and rodent AT. METHODS Using human multipotent adipose-derived stem cells, we carried(More)
Thiazolidinediones are used to treat type 2 diabetes mellitus because they decrease plasma glucose, insulin, triglyceride, and fatty acid levels. Thiazolidinediones are agonists for peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor gamma, a nuclear receptor that is highly expressed in fat tissue. We identify glyceroneogenesis as a target of thiazolidinediones in(More)
Regulation of glyceroneogenesis and its key enzyme cytosolic phosphoenolpyruvate carboxykinase (PEPCK-C) plays a major role in the control of fatty acid release from adipose tissue. Here we investigate the effect of rosiglitazone on the expression of genes involved in fatty acid metabolism and the resulting metabolic consequences. Rosiglitazone was(More)