Claude Dupont

Learn More
The energization of rho + and rho degrees isolated mitochondria was measured using a tetraphenylphosphonium selective electrode. In both strains translocase mediated ATP/ADP exchange energization was observed. This energization was more sensitive to uncoupler than that induced by respiration in rho + mitochondria. This observation is in accordance with the(More)
This study demonstrated the capacity of bacteriocin-producing lactic acid bacteria (LAB) to reduce intestinal colonization by vancomycin-resistant enterococci (VRE) in a mouse model. Lactococcus lactis MM19 and Pediococcus acidilactici MM33 are bacteriocin producers isolated from human feces. The bacteriocin secreted by P. acidilactici is identical to(More)
AIMS The aim of this study was to isolate bacteriocin-producing lactic acid bacteria (LAB) from human intestine. METHODS AND RESULTS A total of 111 LAB were isolated from human adult stool and screened for their bacteriocin production. Neutralized cell-free supernatants from Lactococcus lactis subsp. lactis MM19 and Pediococcus acidilactici MM33 showed(More)
The acetyl xylan esterase cloned homologously from Streptomyces lividans [Shareck, Biely, Morosoli and Kluepfel (1995) Gene 153, 105-109] was purified from culture filtrate of the overproducing strain S. lividans IAF43. The secreted enzyme had a molecular mass of 34 kDa and a pI of 9.0. Under the assay conditions with chemically acetylated birchwood xylan(More)
The substrate-binding domains of six glycanases from Streptomyces lividans were investigated to determine their specificity towards cellulose and xylan. Based upon amino acid sequence similarities, four of the six domains could be assigned to existing cellulose-binding domain families. However, the binding domains of xylanase A and arabinofuranosidase B(More)
Cellulases are the glycoside hydrolases responsible for the enzymatic breakdown of the structural plant polymer cellulose. Together with xylanases they counteract the lmitless accumulation of plant biomass in nature and are of considerable fundamental and biotechnological interest. Endoglucanase CelB from Streptomyces lividans performs hydrolysis of the(More)
The mutants Arg54-->Leu, Arg54-->Lys, Arg305-->Lys, Asp309-->Glu, and Trp317-->Phe, located at subsites 1 and 2 in glucoamylase from Aspergillus niger, provide insight into the importance of specific hydrogen bonds and hydrophobic interactions in substrate recognition, catalytic mechanism, and stability. As suggested from the crystal structure of a closely(More)
The substrate specificity of selected enzymes classified under Carbohydrate Esterase family 4 (CE4) has been examined. Chitin deacetylase from Mucor rouxii and both a native and a truncated form of acetyl xylan esterase from Streptomyces lividans were found to be active on both xylan and several soluble chitinous substrates. Furthermore, the activities of(More)
Endoxylanases are a group of enzymes that hydrolyze the beta-1, 4-linked xylose backbone of xylans. They are predominantly found in two discrete sequence families known as glycoside hydrolase families 10 and 11. The Streptomyces lividans xylanase Xyl10A is a family 10 enzyme, the native structure of which has previously been determined by x-ray(More)
The substrate specificity of purified acetylxylan esterase (AcXE) from Streptomyces lividans was investigated on partially and fully acetylated methyl glycopyranosides. The enzyme exhibited deacetylation regioselectivity on model compounds which provided insights pertaining to its function in acetylxylan degradation. The enzyme catalyzed double(More)