Claude Dufresne

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Inhibitors of PTP-1B could be therapeutically beneficial in the treatment of type 2 diabetes. Owing to the large number of phosphatases in the cell, inhibitors against PTP-1B must not only be potent but selective as well. N-Benzoyl-L-glutamyl-[4-phosphono(difluoromethyl)]-L-phenylalanine-[4-phosphono(difluoro-methyl)]-L-phenylalanineamide (BzN-EJJ-amide) is(More)
Several protocols for bacterial isolation and techniques for aerobic plate counting rely on the use of a spiral plater to deposit concentration gradients of microbial suspensions onto a circular agar plate to isolate colony growth. The advantage of applying a gradient of concentrations across the agar surface is that the original microbiological sample can(More)
The Trans Cell Layer Electrical Field Stimulation (TCL-EFS) system has been developed for high-throughput screening (HTS) of voltage-gated ion channels in microplate format on a Voltage-Ion Probe Reader (VIPR) platform. In this design, a wire electrode is placed above the cell layer of each filter well, and a whole plate perimeter electrode resides beneath(More)
A new series of indole-based antagonists of the PGD(2) receptor subtype 1 (DP1 receptor) was identified and the progress of the structure-activity relationship study to the identification of potent and selective antagonists is presented. Selective DP1 antagonists with high potency and selectivity were prepared. Of particular interest is the DP1 antagonist(More)
The SAR from our peptide libraries was exploited to design a series of potent deoxybenzoin PTP-1B inhibitors. The introduction of an ortho bromo substituent next to the difluoromethylphosphonate warhead gave up to 20-fold increase in potency compared to the desbromo analogues. In addition, these compounds were orally bioavailable and active in the animal(More)
Constantly improving biological assay development continues to drive technological requirements. Recently, a specification was defined for capturing white light and fluorescent images of agar plates ranging in size from the NUNC Omni tray (96-well footprint, 128 x 85 mm) to the NUNC Bio Assay Dish (245 x 245 mm). An evaluation of commercially available(More)
A high throughput approach for the determination of in vitro metabolic stability and metabolic profiles of drug candidates has been developed. This approach comprises the combination of a Biomek FX liquid handling system with 96-channel pipetting capability and a custom-designed 96-well format on-line incubator with efficient thermal conductivity. This(More)
Label-free mass spectrometric (MS) technologies are particularly useful for enzyme assay design for drug discovery screens. MS permits the selective detection of enzyme substrates or products in a wide range of biological matrices without need for derivatization, labeling, or capture technologies. As part of a cardiovascular drug discovery effort aimed at(More)
Nature has always been a productive source of new drugs. With the advent of high-throughput screening, it has now become possible to rapidly screen large sample collections. In addition to seeking greater diversity from natural product sources (micro-organisms, plants, etc.), fractionation of the crude extracts prior to screening is becoming a more(More)
PTP-1B represents an attractive target for the treatment of type 2 diabetes and obesity. Given the role that protein phosphatases play in the regulation of many biologically relevant processes, inhibitors against PTP-1B must be not only potent, but also selective. It has been extremely difficult to synthesize inhibitors that are selective over the highly(More)