Claude Didierjean

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Glutathione peroxidases (GPXs) are a group of enzymes that regulate the levels of reactive oxygen species in cells and tissues, and protect them against oxidative damage. Contrary to most of their counterparts in animal cells, the higher plant GPX homologues identified so far possess cysteine instead of selenocysteine in their active site. Interestingly,(More)
Mutations have been introduced in the cytosolic glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenase (GAPDH) from Bacillus stearothermophilus in order to convert its cofactor selectivity from a specificity towards NAD into a preference for NADP. In the B-S mutant, five mutations (L33T, T34G, D35G, L187A, P188S) were selected on the basis of a sequence alignment with(More)
Thioredoxins are small molecular weight disulfide oxidoreductases specialized in the reduction of disulfide bonds on other proteins. Generally, the enzymes which are selectively and reversibly reduced by these proteins oscillate between an oxidized and inactive conformation and a reduced and active conformation. Thioredoxin constitutes the archetype of a(More)
Hell's Gate globin I (HGbI), a heme-containing protein structurally homologous to mammalian neuroglobins, has been identified from an acidophilic and thermophilic obligate methanotroph, Methylacidiphilum infernorum. HGbI has very high affinity for O(2) and shows barely detectable autoxidation in the pH range of 5.2-8.6 and temperature range of 25-50°C.(More)
The crystal structure of the phosphorylating glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenase (GAPDH) from Bacillus stearothermophilus was solved in complex with its cofactor, NAD, and its physiological substrate, D-glyceraldehyde 3-phosphate (D-G3P). To isolate a stable ternary complex, the nucleophilic residue of the active site, Cys(149), was substituted with(More)
Thioredoxins are ubiquitous proteins which catalyse the reduction of disulphide bridges on target proteins. The catalytic mechanism proceeds via a mixed disulphide intermediate whose breakdown should be enhanced by the involvement of a conserved buried residue, Asp-30, as a base catalyst towards residue Cys-39. We report here the crystal structure of(More)
BolA proteins are defined as stress-responsive transcriptional regulators, but they also participate in iron metabolism. Although they can form [2Fe-2S]-containing complexes with monothiol glutaredoxins (Grx), structural details are lacking. Three Arabidopsis thaliana BolA structures were solved. They differ primarily by the size of a loop referred to as(More)
Unlike thioredoxins, glutaredoxins are involved in iron-sulfur cluster assembly and in reduction of specific disulfides (i.e. protein-glutathione adducts), and thus they are also important redox regulators of chloroplast metabolism. Using GFP fusion, AtGrxC5 isoform, present exclusively in Brassicaceae, was shown to be localized in chloroplasts. A(More)
The white rot fungus Phanerochaete chrysosporium, a saprophytic basidiomycete, possesses a large number of cytosolic glutathione transferases, eight of them showing similarity to the Omega class. PcGSTO1 (subclass I, the bacterial homologs of which were recently proposed, based on their enzymatic function, to constitute a new class of glutathione(More)
[structure: see text] Various sequences of modified peptides including those containing a cis- or trans-vinylogous residue have been studied using X-ray diffraction in the solid state and 1H NMR and IR spectroscopy in solution. A cis-vinylogous residue promotes an NH to CO intramolecular H-bond, closing a nine-membered pseudocycle that stabilizes a folded(More)