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Ultraviolet light has been used to examine urine marks deposited by adult male house mice on filter paper on the floors of their cages during overnight tests. Both the urination frequency and the pattern in which urine was deposited on the filter paper depended upon social rank. Dominant males vigorously marked their entire cage floor, whereas subordinate(More)
Physiological stimuli induce rapid and unexplained increases in the number of red blood cells within capillaries of skeletal muscle. We hypothesized that such alterations in intracapillary red cell numbers might be due to an undefined interaction between one or more components of blood and the luminal surface of the capillary. This proposition was tested by(More)
Experiments were designed to examine the release of testosterone through polydimethylsiloxane (PDS) capsules in vitro and in situ and to test the efficacy of PDS capsules in maintaining testosterone in the peripheral circulation of castrate male rabbits for several months. The results demonstrate that (1) tritiated testosterone passed through PDS capsules(More)
Neuroendocrine responses were evaluated in an outbred population of deer mice (Peromyscus maniculatus nebrascensis) after exposure to an inhibitory photoperiod (8:16 light-dark) for 10 wk. Deer mice were chosen as an animal model for this study because they are typical of naturally selected species that rely on environmental factors to signal the onset or(More)
Microvascular preparations of the hamster cheek pouch and cremaster muscle were used to establish the relationship among three measures of red cell distribution: 1) the systemic hematocrit defined as the volume percentage of red cells sampled from a toe clip; 2) the tube hematocrit defined as the instantaneous volume fraction of red cells in a microvessel(More)
The arrangement of blood vessels serving the testis-epididymis vas investigated microscopically in the mouse, rat, and rabbit. Blood vessels were visualized by infusing liquid silicone rubber into the vessels and subsequently clearing the surrounding tissue. Comprehensive illustrations of the vasculature were prepared from three-dimensional examinations.(More)
The endocrine correlates of sexual arousal were explored in male mice. Using indwelling atrial cannulae, temporal changes in the blood levels of six hormones were monitored in sexually rested vs. sexually sated males before and during their exposure to receptive females. The vaginae of some test females were artificially occluded to assess separately the(More)
Seasonal breeding is common in mammals, particularly in habitats outside the tropics. Climate and availability of food are the ultimate factors that usually dictate the optimal time of year for a mammal to breed; however, day length (photoperiod) often serves as the proximal cue to signal the onset or cessation of seasonal reproduction. Some individuals in(More)