Claude D Martin

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CONTEXT Infection is a major cause of morbidity and mortality in intensive care units (ICUs) worldwide. However, relatively little information is available about the global epidemiology of such infections. OBJECTIVE To provide an up-to-date, international picture of the extent and patterns of infection in ICUs. DESIGN, SETTING, AND PATIENTS The Extended(More)
BACKGROUND In multiple myeloma, combination chemotherapy with melphalan plus prednisone is still regarded as the standard of care in elderly patients. We assessed whether the addition of thalidomide to this combination, or reduced-intensity stem cell transplantation, would improve survival. METHODS Between May 22, 2000, and Aug 8, 2005, 447 previously(More)
OBJECTIVE To provide the American College of Critical Care Medicine with updated guidelines for hemodynamic support of adult patients with sepsis. DATA SOURCE Publications relevant to hemodynamic support of septic patients were obtained from the medical literature, supplemented by the expertise and experience of members of an international task force(More)
IMPORTANCE Evidence supporting the choice of intravenous colloid vs crystalloid solutions for management of hypovolemic shock remains unclear. OBJECTIVE To test whether use of colloids compared with crystalloids for fluid resuscitation alters mortality in patients admitted to the intensive care unit (ICU) with hypovolemic shock. DESIGN, SETTING, AND(More)
To determine the effects on hemodynamics, laboratory parameters, and renal function of terlipressin used in septic-shock patients with hypotension not responsive to high-dose norepinephrine (>2.0 microg x kg(-1) x min(-1)) and dopamine (25 microg x kg(-1) x min(-1)), a prospective, open-label study was carried out in 17 patients. Patients received one or(More)
BACKGROUND Morbidity and mortality for critically ill patients with infections remains a global healthcare problem. We aimed to determine whether β-lactam antibiotic dosing in critically ill patients achieves concentrations associated with maximal activity and whether antibiotic concentrations affect patient outcome. METHODS This was a prospective,(More)
OBJECTIVE To assess the effect on outcome (1 yr) of decompressive craniectomy performed within or after the first 24 hrs post-trauma in severely head-injured trauma patients with intractable cerebral hypertension. DESIGN Retrospective cohort study. SETTINGS Intensive care unit of a university hospital. PATIENTS Among 816 patients with severe head(More)
BACKGROUND International guidelines for management of septic shock recommend that dopamine or norepinephrine are preferable to epinephrine. However, no large comparative trial has yet been done. We aimed to compare the efficacy and safety of norepinephrine plus dobutamine (whenever needed) with those of epinephrine alone in septic shock. METHODS This(More)
OBJECTIVE The aim of the study was to compare the safety concerning cerebral hemodynamics of ketamine and sufentanil used for sedation of severe head injury patients, both drugs being used in combination with midazolam. DESIGN Prospective, randomized, double-blind study. SETTING Intensive care unit in a trauma center. PATIENTS Twenty-five patients(More)
OBJECTIVE The clinical significance of Candida cultured from peritoneal fluid specimens remains a matter of debate. None of the studies that have addressed this issue have clearly distinguished between community-acquired peritonitis and nosocomial peritonitis. The current study tried to differentiate the pathogenic role of Candida in these two clinical(More)