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In Listeria monocytogenes, virulence genes are maximally expressed at 37 degrees C, almost silent at 30 degrees C and controlled by PrfA, a transcriptional activator whose expression is thermoregulated. Here, we show that the untranslated mRNA (UTR) preceding prfA, forms a secondary structure, which masks the ribosome binding region. Mutations predicted to(More)
Gas6 is a growth factor related to protein S that was identified as the ligand for the Axl receptor tyrosine kinase (RTK) family. In this study, we show that Gas6 induces a growth response in a cultured mammalian mammary cell line, C57MG. The presence of Gas6 in the medium induces growth after confluence and similarly causes cell cycle reentry of(More)
PhoQ/PhoP is a central two-component system involved in magnesium homeostasis, pathogenicity, cell envelope composition, and acid resistance in several bacterial species. The small RNA GcvB is identified here as a novel direct regulator of the synthesis of PhoQ/PhoP in Escherichia coli, and this control relies on a novel pairing region of GcvB. After MicA,(More)
Escherichia coli ribosomal L20 is one of five proteins essential for the first reconstitution step of the 50S ribosomal subunit in vitro. It is purely an assembly protein, because it can be withdrawn from the mature subunit without effect on ribosome activity. In addition, L20 represses the translation of its own gene by binding to two sites in its mRNA.(More)
In addition to being a component of the large ribosomal subunit, ribosomal protein L20 of Escherichia coli also acts as a translational repressor. L20 is synthesized from the IF3 operon that contains three cistrons coding for IF3, and ribosomal proteins L35 and L20. L20 directly represses the expression of the gene encoding L35 and the expression of its own(More)
Southern blot analysis of genomic DNA of the mesophilic lactic bacterium Lactococcus lactis subsp. lactis strain IL1403, illuminated six rRNA gene clusters. Each cluster contains one copy each of three rRNA genes, displaying the typical eubacterial organization of physically linked 16 S, 23 S and 5 S rRNA genes. Five of the six rRNA clusters were cloned(More)
The expression of the infC gene encoding translation initiation factor IF3 is negatively autoregulated at the level of translation, i.e. the expression of the gene is derepressed in a mutant infC background where the IF3 activity is lower than that of the wild type. The special initiation codon of infC, AUU, has previously been shown to be essential for(More)
The Escherichia coli infC-rpmI-rplT operon encodes translation initiation factor IF3 and the ribosomal proteins, L35 and L20, respectively. The expression of the last cistron (rplT) has been shown to be negatively regulated at a post-transcriptional level by its own product, L20, which acts at an internal operator located within infC. The present work shows(More)
The recent finding of intrinsically unstructured proteins defies the classical structure-function paradigm. However, owing to their flexibility, intrinsically unstructured proteins generally escape detailed structural investigations. Consequently little is known about the extent of conformational disorder and its role in biological functions. Here, we(More)
RNA-protein crosslinks were introduced into Escherichia coli 30S ribosomal subunits by treatment with 1-ethyl-3(3-dimethylaminopropyl)carbodiimide (EDC). Complexes of 16S rRNA cross-linked to 30S ribosomal proteins were isolated and hybridized with a series of single-stranded bacteriophage M13-rDNA probes. These probes, each carrying an inserted rDNA(More)