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Hyaluronan (HA) and the hyaluronan-binding glycoprotein hyaluronectin (HN) were measured in 23 gliomas and 8 meningiomas and their location was revisited in 35 tumours. A clear-cut difference was found in the HN/HA ratio values of glioblastomas (below 0.5) and that of astrocytomas (above 0.5 P < 0.001). Besides their location in the intercellular part of(More)
Glioma cell lines express proteins of the complement alternative pathway, namely C3, factor B, factor H, and factor I. Secretion of these proteins was shown by a sensitive and specific ELISA. C3 and factor H were rapidly secreted by glioma cell line CB193 and reached a concentration of 140 ng/ml/10(6) cells after 72 h of culture. Factor B and factor I were(More)
Few animal models are available to study metastasis formation. The purpose of the present study was to obtain a useful model of metastasis formation in nude mice in an attempt to analyze the stroma reaction and in particular the production and the expression of hyaluronan (HA), hyaluronidase, and HA-binding sites by cultivated cells, and HA and(More)
A new cell line, CB109, has been established from a human glioblastoma multiforme. The cytoskeleton was positive for glial fibrillary acidic protein, vimentin and fibronectin. Hyaluronan (HA) and the HA-binding protein hyaluronectin (HN) were expressed in the cell cytoplasm and in the extracellular matrix of spheroids and plated cells. Hyaluronidase did not(More)
Hyaluronectin (HN), a hyaluronan (hyaluronic acid, HA)-binding glycoprotein isolated from human brain, was studied in normal and atherosclerotic human arteries. It can be detected and assayed in tissue samples by immunohistochemistry. In addition, its high and specific affinity for HA makes it possible to develop specific histological localization of HA(More)
The inter-alpha trypsin inhibitor (ITI) family is a group of proteins built up from different combinations of I light chain (ITI-L) and 3 highly homologous heavy chains (ITI-HI, -H2 and -H3). To investigate a potential role of the ITI family chains in cancer and metastasis spreading, we engineered human H460M cell lines expressing both the green fluorescent(More)
The extracellular polysaccharide hyaluronan (HA) controls cell migration, differentiation and proliferation, and contributes to the invasiveness of human cancers. The roles of HA cell surface receptors and hyaluronidases (HAses) in this process are still controversial. In order to investigate their involvement in cancer pathogenesis, we developed a(More)
Hyaluronan (HYA) plays a particular role in cancer cell microenvironment. A component of the desmoplasia. HYA is associated to other macromolecules and contributes to the net structure of the matrix. Cancer cells exhibit binding sites (CD44, RHAMM) for HYA. The cell adhesion to HYA can influence the cell motility and different factors could interplay to(More)
A hyaluronectin (HN)-like antigen was found in rat O-2A progenitors and oligodendrocytes, as well as in Schwann cells and in their culture medium. The HN-like antigen secreted in culture supernatants had a higher molecular mass than HN extracted from rat brain at acidic pH. In vitro the secreted HN-like antigen was spontaneously and slowly degraded into(More)
The use of a hyaluronic acid-binding proteoglycan (hyaluronectin) as a probe for the detection of hyaluronic acid has facilitated the development of an indirect enzymo-immunological assay for hyaluronidase. Plastic microtest ELISA plates were coated with hyaluronic acid. Incubation with hyaluronidase led to the destruction of insolubilized hyaluronic acid(More)