Claude Bohuon

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High concentrations of calcitonin-like immunoreactivity have been found in the blood of patients with various extrathyroid diseases. By means of a monoclonal immunoradiometric assay for calcitonin precursors, we have measured serum concentrations of procalcitonin in patients with various bacterial and viral infections. 79 children (newborn to age 12 years)(More)
We measured the plasma procalcitonin levels in 59 children who were admitted to the hospital because of bacterial or viral meningitis. Eighteen children with acute bacterial meningitis had elevated procalcitonin levels (mean level, 54.5 micrograms/L; range, 4.8-110 micrograms/L). The procalcitonin levels in 41 children with viral meningitis were low (mean(More)
Objectives: To describe the initial evolution of serum procalcitonin (PCT) and C-reactive protein (CRP) in previously healthy adult trauma patients and to compare the relationship of the expression of these two proteins with indicators of trauma severity. Design: Prospective, descriptive, longitudinal study. Setting: Surgical ICU in an university hospital.(More)
AIMS To assess the sensitivity, specificity, and predictive value of procalcitonin (PCT) in differentiating bacterial and viral causes of pneumonia. METHODS A total of 72 children with community acquired pneumonia were studied. Ten had positive blood culture for Streptococcus pneumoniae and 15 had bacterial pneumonia according to sputum analysis (S(More)
OBJECTIVE Procalcitonin concentration increases in bacterial infections but remains low in viral infections and inflammatory diseases. The change is rapid and the molecule is stable making it a potentially useful marker for distinguishing between bacterial and viral infections. PATIENTS AND METHODS Procalcitonin (PCT) was determined with an(More)
OBJECTIVES To determine and compare the respective concentrations of tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-alpha, interleukin (IL)-6, soluble TNF receptors, nitrite/nitrate (NO2-/NO3-), and procalcitonin in the plasma of patients with septic shock, cardiogenic shock, and bacterial pneumonia without shock; and to assess the predictive value of these mediators in(More)
OBJECTIVE In an attempt to differentiate acute pyelonephritis from lower urinary tract infection (UTI), we measured serum procalcitonin levels, a recently described marker of infection. We compared it with other commonly used inflammatory markers and evaluated its ability to predict renal involvement as assessed by dimercaptosuccinic acid (DMSA)(More)
Human neuropeptide Y (hNPY) is a potent vasoconstrictor peptide of 36 aminoacid residues. We isolated hybridomas secreting four monoclonal antibodies directed against various epitopes of neuropeptide Y and studied their cross-reactivity with peptide YY (PYY) and the pancreatic polypeptide (PP), two peptides sharing sequence homologies with hNPY(More)
As procalcitonin concentrations have been shown to be elevated in patients with septicemia and gram-negative infections in particular, we proceeded to investigate the effect of endotoxin, a product of gram-negative bacteria, on procalcitonin concentrations in normal human volunteers. Endotoxin from Escherichia coli 0113:H10:k, was injected i.v. at a dose of(More)