Claude Barral

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The 9/11 tragedy triggered an increased interest in biometric passports. According to several sources [2], the electronic ID market is expected to increase by more than 50% per annum over the three coming years, excluding China. To cost-effectively address this foreseen explosion, a very inexpensive memory card (phonecard-like card) capable of performing(More)
Smart card is the key for IT, banking, e-purse and many other applications. The expanding functionality of smart cards is not fully used by most of the applications, and the number of potential applications is increasing day by day. But in some case, some limitations may appear. In this paper we will list the potential limitations of smart card and we will(More)
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