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The effect of hydrostatic pressure on the unfolding of trypsin was studied by fluorescence spectroscopy under pressure from 1 to 7000 bar. It was found that, at pH 3.0 or pH 7.3, a stable partly denatured state of trypsin was obtained when the applied pressure was about 6.5 kbar. This transient denatured state did not show any enzymatic activity and was… (More)
The cellular prion protein (PrP(c)) forms complexes with plasminogen. Here, we show that the PrP(c) in this complex is cleaved to yield fragments of PrP(c). The cleavage is accelerated by plasmin but does not appear to be dependent on it.
Elevated hydrostatic pressure has been used to increase catalytic activity and thermal stability of alpha-chymotrypsin (CT). For an anilide substrate, characterized by a negative value of the reaction activation volume (DeltaV( not equal)), an increase in pressure at 20 degrees C results in an exponential acceleration of the hydrolysis rate catalyzed by CT… (More)
New Zealand White rabbits were treated with rifampicin at a dose of 50 mg/kg for 4 days. The total amount of microsomal hepatic cytochrome P-450 was not modified in treated, with respect to control, animals. However, further studies involving SDS-PAGE analysis, monooxygenase activity measurements and radial immunodiffusion assays indicated that rifampicin… (More)
Many biochemists would regard pressure as a physical parameter mainly of theoretical interest and of rather limited value in experimental biochemistry. The goal of this overview is to show that pressure is a powerful tool for the study of proteins and modulation of enzymatic activity.
Denaturation of the Saccharomyces cerevisiae prion protein Ure2 was investigated using hydrostatic pressure. Pressures of up to 600 MPa caused only limited perturbation of the structure of the 40-kDa dimeric protein. However, nondenaturing concentrations of GdmCl in combination with high pressure resulted in complete unfolding of Ure2 as judged by intrinsic… (More)
The pressure dependence of enzyme catalytic parameters allows volume changes associated with substrate binding and activation volumes for the chemical steps to be determined. Because catalytic constants are composite parameters, elementary volume change contributions can be calculated from the pressure differentiation of kinetic constants. Linear and… (More)
At high temperature, recombinant hamster prion protein (SHaPrP(90-231)) undergoes aggregation and changes from a predominantly alpha-helical to beta-sheet conformation. We then applied high pressure (200 MPa) to the beta-sheet-rich conformation. The aggregation was reversed, and the original tertiary and secondary structures were recovered at ambient… (More)
High-pressure (HP) biotechnology is an emerging technique initially applied for food processing and more recently in pharmaceutical and medical sciences. Pressure can stabilize enzymes and modulate both their activity and specificity. HP engineering of proteins may be used for enzyme-catalyzed synthesis of fine chemicals, pharmaceuticals, and production of… (More)