Claude Baillou

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The early stages of human lymphopoiesis are poorly characterized. Here, we compared the lymphoid potential of a novel umbilical cord blood CD34(+)CD45RA(hi)CD7(+) hematopoietic progenitor cell (HPC) population with that of CD34(+)CD45RA(hi)Lin(-)CD10(+) HPCs, previously proposed as candidate common lymphoid progenitors. Limiting-dilution and clonal(More)
We successfully infected fluorescence-activated cell-sorted CD34+ cells from normal cord blood by the human cytomegalovirus (HCMV) laboratory strain Towne. An inhibitory effect of HCMV on clonogenic myeloid progenitors was observed in primary methylcellulose cultures. After an initial 7-day liquid culture of CD34(+)-infected cells, this inhibition was(More)
The diversity of the human immune repertoire and how it relates to a functional immune response has not yet been studied in detail in humanized NOD.SCID.gammac(-/-) immunodeficient mice. Here, we used a multiplex PCR on genomic DNA to quantify the combinatorial diversity of all possible V-J rearrangements at the TCR-beta chain and heavy chain Ig locus. We(More)
The hierarchical level of stem cell involvement in acute promyelocytic leukemia (APL) characterized by the pathognomonic PML-RARA fusion gene is unknown. To determine if the cells of the primitive hematopoietic stem cell compartment are involved in the leukemic process, we have used molecular and cell sorting techniques in peripheral blood and bone marrow(More)
The disappearance of normal hematopoiesis during acute nonlymphoblastic leukemia (ANLL) is poorly understood. Several reports indicate that conditioned medium obtained from leukemic cells might inhibit the formation of normal hematopoietic progenitors. However, these blast-conditioned medium (BCM) inhibitory activities are not well characterized. In order(More)
Prolonged in vitro maintenance of human bone marrow progenitor cells was achieved using a serum-free (SF) liquid culture system. Culture medium was based on Iscove's medium supplemented with bovine serum albumin, human transferrin, bovine insulin, soybean lecithin, cholesterol, hydrocortisone and alpha-thioglycerol. Under these standardized culture(More)
Recipient-specific regulatory T cells (rsTreg) can prevent graft-versus-host disease (GVHD) by inhibiting donor T-cell expansion after hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) in mice. Importantly, in adult humans, because of thymus involution, immune reconstitution during the first months after HSCT relies on the peripheral expansion of donor T cells(More)
The spontaneous proliferation and the effects of 8 various growth factors (GF) were evaluated on leukemic cells from 27 patients with B-lineage ALL. Two groups of ALLs were distinguished. ALLs from group I (21 patients) exhibited a low spontaneous proliferative rate and were stimulated by IL-3 + IL-7 +/- SCF and/or LIF, while ALLs from group II (6 patients)(More)
By revisiting CD90, a GPI-anchored glycoprotein, we show that CD90 is expressed by a subset of CD4(+) and CD8(+) human T cells. CD4(+)CD90(+) cells share similarities with Th17 cells because they express the Th17-specific transcription factor RORC2 and produce IL-17A. CD4(+)CD90(+) cells are activated memory T cells that express the gut mucosal markers(More)
The diagnostic value in polycythemia of the presence of endogenous erythroid colonies derived from bone marrow cells (EECs) was assessed in a prospective study on 108 patients referred for polycythemia (Hb greater than g/dL in men, greater than 16 g/dL in women) with normal plasma volume by comparison with the standard criteria, the bone marrow grade, and(More)