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We compared conscious and nonconscious processing of briefly flashed words using a visual masking procedure while recording intracranial electroencephalogram (iEEG) in ten patients. Nonconscious processing of masked words was observed in multiple cortical areas, mostly within an early time window (<300 ms), accompanied by induced gamma-band activity, but(More)
Developmental disorders of the hippocampal formation (HF) have been described in epileptic syndromes associated with lissencephaly, but HF malformations can be found without widespread cortical changes. We report 19 patients with partial epilepsy and abnormal HF patterns on magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). The changes consisted of incomplete folding with(More)
BACKGROUND We investigated the prognostic value of the type of epilepsies and epileptic syndromes for seizure recurrence. In patients with partial epilepsy, we focused on the prognostic value of any structural brain abnormality and of the location of the epileptogenic region. METHODS A total of 2,200 adult outpatients were included in a hospital-based(More)
The quantification of phase synchrony between brain signals is of crucial importance for the study of large-scale interactions in the brain. Current methods are based on the estimation of the stability of the phase difference between pairs of signals over a time window, within successive frequency bands. This paper introduces a new approach to study the(More)
Models of the "visual word form system" postulate that a left occipitotemporal region implements the automatic visual word recognition required for efficient reading. This theory was assessed in a patient in whom reading was explored with behavioral measures, fMRI, and intracranial local field potentials. Prior to surgery, when reading was normal, fMRI(More)
Left medial temporal lobe epilepsy (MTLE) is associated with verbal memory impairment usually related to hippocampal damage. We used functional MRI (fMRI) to investigate the patterns of functional activity in healthy volunteers and MTLE patients engaged in verbal episodic memory tasks to look for evidence of a reallocation of verbal memory in epileptic(More)
Interictal diffusion imaging studies in patients with medial temporal lobe epilepsy (MTLE) accompanied by hippocampal sclerosis (HS) have shown an increased diffusivity in the epileptogenic hippocampus. In this study, we wanted to explore the whole brain in order to determine if MTLE could have an impact on the organization and the architecture of a large(More)
Interictal high-frequency oscillations over 200 Hz have been recorded with microelectrodes in the seizure onset zone of epileptic patients suffering from mesial temporal lobe epilepsy. Recent work suggests that similar high-frequency oscillations can be detected in the seizure onset zone using standard diagnostic macroelectrodes. However, only a few(More)
The degree of interdependence between intracranial electroencephalographic (EEG) channels was investigated in epileptic patients with temporal lobe seizures during interictal (between seizures) periods. With a novel method to characterize nonlinear cross-predictability, that is, the predictability of one channel using another channel as data base, we(More)
Four Holstein steers (208 kg) with "T" cannulas in the rumen and proximal duodenum were used in a 4 x 4 Latin square design experiment to evaluate the interaction of feed intake level on comparative ruminal and total tract digestion of dry-rolled and steam-flaked corn. The basal diet contained (DM basis) 6% alfalfa hay, 6% sudangrass hay, 75% corn, 2%(More)