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We compared conscious and nonconscious processing of briefly flashed words using a visual masking procedure while recording intracranial electroencephalogram (iEEG) in ten patients. Nonconscious processing of masked words was observed in multiple cortical areas, mostly within an early time window (<300 ms), accompanied by induced gamma-band activity, but(More)
Developmental disorders of the hippocampal formation (HF) have been described in epileptic syndromes associated with lissencephaly, but HF malformations can be found without widespread cortical changes. We report 19 patients with partial epilepsy and abnormal HF patterns on magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). The changes consisted of incomplete folding with(More)
Left medial temporal lobe epilepsy (MTLE) is associated with verbal memory impairment usually related to hippocampal damage. We used functional MRI (fMRI) to investigate the patterns of functional activity in healthy volunteers and MTLE patients engaged in verbal episodic memory tasks to look for evidence of a reallocation of verbal memory in epileptic(More)
The degree of interdependence between intracranial electroencephalographic (EEG) channels was investigated in epileptic patients with temporal lobe seizures during interictal (between seizures) periods. With a novel method to characterize nonlinear cross-predictability, that is, the predictability of one channel using another channel as data base, we(More)
The quantification of phase synchrony between brain signals is of crucial importance for the study of large-scale interactions in the brain. Current methods are based on the estimation of the stability of the phase difference between pairs of signals over a time window, within successive frequency bands. This paper introduces a new approach to study the(More)
The degree of interdependence between intracranial EEG channels was investigated in four epileptic patients with complex partial seizures of mesial temporal lobe origin. With a new method to characterize nonlinear dynamical interdependence-the mutual nonlinear prediction-we demonstrated here a possibility to quantify, during epileptic seizures, the(More)
Interictal high-frequency oscillations over 200 Hz have been recorded with microelectrodes in the seizure onset zone of epileptic patients suffering from mesial temporal lobe epilepsy. Recent work suggests that similar high-frequency oscillations can be detected in the seizure onset zone using standard diagnostic macroelectrodes. However, only a few(More)
Epileptic seizures are a principal brain dysfunction with important public health implications, as they affect 0.8% of humans. Many of these patients (20%) are resistant to treatment with drugs. The ability to anticipate the onset of seizures in such cases would permit clinical interventions. The view of chronic focal epilepsy now is that abnormally(More)
Models of the "visual word form system" postulate that a left occipitotemporal region implements the automatic visual word recognition required for efficient reading. This theory was assessed in a patient in whom reading was explored with behavioral measures, fMRI, and intracranial local field potentials. Prior to surgery, when reading was normal, fMRI(More)
Recent studies have shown that non-linear analysis of intracranial activities can detect a 'pre-ictal phase' preceding the epileptic seizure. Nevertheless, the dynamical nature of the underlying neuronal process and the spatial extension of this pre-ictal phase still remain unknown. In this paper, we address these aspects using a new non-linear measure of(More)