Learn More
To maintain protein homeostasis in secretory compartments, eukaryotic cells harbor a quality control system that monitors protein folding and protein complex assembly in the endoplasmic reticulum (ER). Proteins that do not fold properly or integrate into cognate complexes are degraded by ER-associated degradation (ERAD) involving retrotranslocation to the(More)
Misfolded proteins are recognized in the endoplasmic reticulum (ER), transported back to the cytoplasm and degraded by the proteasome. Processing intermediates of N-linked oligosaccharides on incompletely folded glycoproteins have an important role in their folding/refolding, and also in their targeting to proteolytic degradation. In Saccharomyces(More)
In Saccharomyces cerevisiae, transfer of N-linked oligosaccharides is immediately followed by trimming of ER-localized glycosidases. We analyzed the influence of specific oligosaccharide structures for degradation of misfolded carboxypeptidase Y (CPY). By studying the trimming reactions in vivo, we found that removal of the terminal alpha1,2 glucose and the(More)
The Htm1/EDEM protein has been proposed to act as a "degradation lectin" for endoplasmic reticulum-associated degradation (ERAD) of misfolded glycoproteins. In this study, we provide genetic and biochemical evidence that Yos9 protein in Saccharomyces cerevisiae is essential for efficient degradation of mutant glycoproteins. Yos9 is a member of the OS-9(More)
Glucosidase II is an ER heterodimeric enzyme that cleaves sequentially the two innermost alpha-1,3-linked glucose residues from N-linked oligosaccharides on nascent glycoproteins. This processing allows the binding and release of monoglucosylated (Glc(1)Man(9)GlcNAc(2)) glycoproteins with calnexin and calreticulin, the lectin-like chaperones of the(More)
The assembly of the lipid-linked core oligosaccharide Glc3Man9GlcNAc2, the substrate for N-linked glycosylation of proteins in the endoplasmic reticulum (ER), is catalyzed by different glycosyltransferases located at the membrane of the ER. We report on the identification and characterization of the ALG12 locus encoding a novel mannosyltransferase(More)
In higher eukaryotes a quality control system monitoring the folding state of glycoproteins is located in the ER and is composed of the proteins calnexin, calreticulin, glucosidase II, and UDP-glucose: glycoprotein glucosyltransferase. It is believed that the innermost glucose residue of the N- linked oligosaccharide of a glycoprotein serves as a tag in(More)
N-Glycosylation in the endoplasmic reticulum is an essential protein modification and highly conserved in evolution from yeast to man. Here we identify and characterize two essential yeast proteins having homology to bacterial glycosyltransferases, designated Alg13p and Alg14p, as being required for the formation of GlcNAc(2)-PP-dolichol (Dol), the second(More)
Membrane transporter proteins are essential for the maintenance of cellular ion homeostasis. In the secretory pathway, the P-type ATPase family of transporters is found in every compartment and the plasma membrane. Here, we report the identification of COD1/SPF1 (control of HMG-CoA reductase degradation/SPF1) through genetic strategies intended to uncover(More)