Clark R Murray

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Two cases of lactic acidosis are described in which the time sequence of events made it certain that phenformin was the precipitating cause. In one patient the condition arose because of self administration of an overdose; in the other, phenformin had been administered to a patient on maintenance dialysis. After recovery, and in the absence of phenformin(More)
A case controlled study of 96 cases of sarcoidosis has been carried out in the Isle of Man. Age and sex matched controls were selected at random from the pathology and radiology records, which cover 85% of the resident population, and a second control group was drawn from a tuberculosis register. Special efforts were made to achieve a high level of(More)
BACKGROUND As the population ages, mortality from falls will soon exceed that from all other forms of injury. Tremendous resources are focused on this problem, but how these patients die is unclear. To fill this gap, we tested the hypothesis that falls among the elderly are related to patient, rather than to injury factors when compared with falls among(More)
We hypothesize there are coagulation profile changes associated both with initiation of thromboporphylaxis (TPX) and with change in platelet levels in trauma patients at high-risk for venous thromboembolism (VTE). A total of 1203 trauma intensive care unit patients were screened with a VTE risk assessment profile. In all, 302 high-risk patients (risk(More)
BACKGROUND Venous duplex ultrasound (VDU) is the modality of choice for surveillance of venous thromboembolism (VTE), but there is controversy about its appropriate implementation as a screening method. We hypothesize that VDU surveillance in trauma patients at high risk for VTE decreases the rate of pulmonary embolism (PE). STUDY DESIGN One thousand two(More)
The incidence of sarcoidosis in a clearly defined island community has been determined in a seven year study. Special efforts were made to identify all cases, including those presenting to their general practitioners with only minor symptoms. A mean incidence of 14.7 per 100 000 per annum has been found in the years 1977-83 compared with an annual incidence(More)
Patients with generalized epilepsy exhibit cerebral cortical disinhibition. Likewise, mutations in the inhibitory ligand-gated ion channels, GABAA receptors (GABAARs), cause generalized epilepsy syndromes in humans. Recently, we demonstrated that heterozygous knock-out (Hetα1KO) of the human epilepsy gene, the GABAAR α1 subunit, produced absence epilepsy in(More)
BACKGROUND/PURPOSE The purposes of this study were to identify independent predictors of venous thromboembolism (VTE), to evaluate the relative impact of adult VTE risk factors, and to identify a pediatric population at high-risk for VTE after trauma. METHODS 1934 consecutive pediatric admissions (≤ 17 years) from 01/2000 to 12/2012 at a level 1 trauma(More)