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Previous work suggested that cell wall peroxidase activity increased as cells were displaced through the elongation zone in leaf blades of tall fescue (Festuca arundinacea Schreb.). In this study, two genotypes that differ in length of the elongation zone were used to examine the relationship between peroxidase activity in apoplastic fluid of intact leaf(More)
Typical mass spectrometry-based protein lists from purified fractions are confounded by the absence of tools for evaluating contaminants. In this report, we compare the results of a standard survey experiment using an ion trap mass spectrometer with those obtained using dual isotope labeling and a Q-TOF mass spectrometer to quantify the degree of enrichment(More)
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Using a maskless photolithography method, we produced DNA oligonucleotide microarrays with probe sequences tiled throughout the genome of the plant Arabidopsis thaliana. RNA expression was determined for the complete nuclear, mitochondrial, and chloroplast genomes by tiling 5 million 36-mer probes. These probes were hybridized to labeled mRNA isolated from(More)
Cessation of cell expansion has been associated with cell wall cross-linking reactions catalyzed by peroxidase. This study utilized two genotypes of tall fescue (Festuca arundinacea Schreb.) that differ in length of the leaf elongation zone to investigate the relationship between ionically bound peroxidase activity and the spatial distribution of leaf(More)
Leaf elongation rate (LER) in grasses is dependent on epidermal cell supply (number) and on rate and duration of epidermal cell elongation. Nitrogen (N) fertilization increases LER. Longitudinal sections from two genotypes of tall fescue (Festuca arundinacea Schreb.), which differ by 50% in LER, were used to quantify the effects of N on the components of(More)
In recent years there has been growing interest in the post-translational regulation of P-type ATPases by protein kinase-mediated phosphorylation. Pma1 H(+)-ATPase, which is responsible for H(+)-dependent nutrient uptake in yeast (Saccharomyces cerevisiae), is one such example, displaying a rapid 5-10-fold increase in activity when carbon-starved cells are(More)
Proteases usually cleave peptides, but under some conditions, they can ligate them. Seeds of the common sunflower contain the 14-residue, backbone-macrocyclic peptide sunflower trypsin inhibitor 1 (SFTI-1) whose maturation from its precursor has a genetic requirement for asparaginyl endopeptidase (AEP). To provide more direct evidence, we developed an in(More)
Investigations were performed to better understand the carbon economy in the elongation zone of tall fescue leaf blades. Plants were grown at constant 21 degrees C and continuous 300 micromoles per square meter per second photosynthetic photon flux density where leaf elongation was steady for several days. Elongation occurred in the basal 20 mm of the blade(More)
We report the first metabolic labeling of Arabidopsis thaliana for proteomic investigation, demonstrating efficient and complete labeling of intact plants. Using a reversed-database strategy, we evaluate the performance of the MASCOT search engine in the analysis of combined natural abundance and 15N-labeled samples. We find that 15N-metabolic labeling(More)