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The Ecological Interface Design (EID) paradigm was introduced in the process control domain twenty-five years ago by Kim Vicente and Jens Rasmussen, as a way to help operators cope with system complexity and events unanticipated in the design of automated control systems. Since that time, this perspective has sparked interest in other safety-critical,(More)
In Air Traffic Control (ATC), controller workload has been an important topic of research. Many studies have been conducted in the past to uncover the art of evaluating workload. Many of which have been centered on the sector complexity or task demand based studies [1,2,3,4]. Moreover, all have the aim to understand the workload that was imposed on the(More)
Future airspace operations will allow flight crews to plan and fly their own preferred route and time of arrival without much intervention from air traffic control. This implies that pilots become more responsible for planning their own route while maintaining safe separation. This requires a strategic planning tool that support a high level of pilot(More)
The velocity obstacle (VO) representation, a mathematical representation that supports separation assurance for autonomous vehicle navigation, can provide improved performance when the intended trajectory (intent) of the involved vehicles is shared among each other. This paper proposes a fully analytical closed mathematical form for VOs as an intuitive and(More)