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This paper provides an extension of compressed sensing which bridges a substantial gap between existing theory and its current use in real-world applications. It introduces a mathematical framework that generalizes the three standard pillars of compressed sensing - namely, sparsity, incoherence and uniform random subsampling - to three new concepts:… (More)

—We introduce a mathematical framework that bridges a substantial gap between compressed sensing theory and its current use in real-world applications. Although completely general, one of the principal applications for our framework is the Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) problem. Our theory provides a comprehensive explanation for the abundance of… (More)

Generalized sampling is a recently developed linear framework for sampling and reconstruction in separable Hilbert spaces. It allows one to recover any element in any finite-dimensional subspace given finitely many of its samples with respect to an arbitrary frame. Unlike more common approaches for this problem, such as the consistent reconstruction… (More)

We have investigated the method of statistical averaging as a nonparametric approach to obtain a representative ventilation-perfusion (VA/Q) distribution that exemplifies the family of compatible solutions for multiple inert gas elimination data. The variability of the compatible solutions was examined by determining the standard deviation of the… (More)

The detection of mild nonlinearities and/or state-dependent variability in otherwise linear physiological relationships is generally difficult in the presence of significant measurement errors. Conventional approaches using pooled subject data to increase the degree of freedom for statistical inference are enervated by the resultant introduction of… (More)

In this paper we study the problem of computing wavelet coefficients of compactly supported functions from their Fourier samples. For this, we use the recently introduced framework of generalized sampling. Our first result demonstrates that using generalized sampling one obtains a stable and accurate reconstruction, provided the number of Fourier samples… (More)

This paper considers the problem of recovering a one or two dimensional discrete signal which is approximately sparse in its gradient from an incomplete subset of its Fourier coefficients which have been corrupted with noise. We prove that in order to obtain a reconstruction which is robust to noise and stable to inexact gradient sparsity of order s with… (More)

Many of the applications of compressed sensing have been based on variable density sampling, where certain sections of the sampling coefficients are sampled more densely. Furthermore, it has been observed that these sampling schemes are dependent not only on sparsity but also on the sparsity structure of the underlying signal. This paper extends the result… (More)

—We introduce a mathematical framework that bridges a substantial gap between compressed sensing theory and its current use in applications. Although completely general, one of the principal applications for our framework is the Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) problem. Our theory provides an explanation for the abundance of numerical evidence demonstrating… (More)