Clarence Schutt

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The three-dimensional structure of bovine profilin-beta-actin has been solved to 2.55 A resolution by X-ray crystallography. There are several significant local changes in the structure of beta-actin compared with alpha-actin as well as an overall 5 degrees rotation between its two major domains. Actin molecules in the crystal are organized into ribbons(More)
The polypeptide chain of a TBSV subunit folds into two domains, connected by a hinge, and a flexibly-linked N-terminal arm. Sixty of the 180 N-terminal arms inter-digitate in groups of three, in an unexpected mode of protein association. The remaining 120 arms are not uniquely positioned with respect to the rest of the subunit. RNA is also not uniquely(More)
Homologies among bacterial signal transduction proteins suggest that a common mechanism mediates processes such as chemotaxis, osmoregulation, sporulation, virulence, and responses to nitrogen, phosphorous and oxygen deprivation. A common kinase-mediated phosphotransfer reaction has recently been identified in chemotaxis, nitrogen regulation, and(More)
The structure of an "open state" of crystalline profilin:beta-actin has been solved to 2.65 A by X-ray crystallography. The open-state crystals, in 1.8 M potassium phosphate, have an expanded unit cell dimension in the c direction of 185.7 A compared with 171.9 A in the previously solved ammonium sulphate-stabilized "tight-state" structure. The unit cell(More)
Actin-depolymerizing factor (ADF) and cofilin define a family of actin-binding proteins essential for the rapid turnover of filamentous actin in vivo. Here we present the 2.0 A crystal structure of Arabidopsis thaliana ADF1 (AtADF1), the first plant crystal structure from the ADF/cofilin (AC) family. Superposition of the four AC isoform structures permits(More)
Profilin regulates the behavior of the eukaryotic microfilament system through its interaction with non-filamentous actin. It also binds several ligands, including poly(L-proline) and the membrane phospholipid phosphatidylinositol 4,5-bisphosphate (PtdIns(4,5)P2). Bovine profilin crystals (space group C2; a = 69.15 A, b = 34.59 A, c = 52.49 A; alpha = gamma(More)
BACKGROUND Profilins are small eukaryotic proteins involved in modulating the assembly of actin microfilaments in the cytoplasm. They are able to bind both phosphatidylinositol-4,5-bisphosphate and poly-L-proline (PLP) and thus play a critical role in signaling pathways. Plant profilins are of interest because immunological cross-reactivity between pollen(More)
Properties of human profilin I mutated in the major actin-binding site were studied and compared with wild-type profilin using beta/gamma-actin as interaction partner. The mutants ranged in affinity, from those that only weakly affected polymerization of actin to one that bound actin more strongly than wild-type profilin. With profilins, whose sequestering(More)
Amplification of a DNA target by the polymerase chain reaction (PCR) often requires laborious optimization efforts. In this regard, the use of certain organic chemicals such as dimethyl sulfoxide, polyethylene glycol, betaine and formamide as cosolvents has been found to be very helpful. Unfortunately, very little is known about the precise structural(More)