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Some studies have shown a relationship between trunk muscle strength and low back pain. Measures of trunk muscle strength and endurance, which are feasible in the clinical setting, are needed. The purpose of this study was to determine interrater reliability of six tests of abdominal and trunk extensor muscle strength and endurance. The tests included(More)
OBJECT Pediatric sports-related concussions are a growing public health concern. The factors that determine injury severity and time to recovery following these concussions are poorly understood. Previous studies suggest that initial symptom severity and diagnosis of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) are predictors of prolonged recovery (> 28(More)
BACKGROUND As important as the vertebral ligaments are in maintaining the integrity of the spinal column and protecting the contents of the spinal canal, a single detailed review of their histology and embryology is missing in the literature. METHODS A literature search using online search engines was conducted. RESULTS Single comprehensive reviews of(More)
BACKGROUND As important as the vertebral ligaments are in maintaining the integrity of the spinal column and protecting the contents of the spinal canal, a single detailed review of their anatomy and function is missing in the literature. METHODS A literature search using online search engines was conducted. RESULTS Single comprehensive reviews of the(More)
The purpose of this study was to identify Sickness Impact Profile (SIP) items that are most sensitive to change in patients with low-back pain. Seventy-six patients with low-back pain were administered the SIP at their initial visit and after discharge from physiotherapy treatment. A formal item reduction was performed to identify the most sensitive items.(More)
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