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Existing research on children with lesbian parents is limited by reliance on volunteer or convenience samples. The present study examined the quality of parent-child relationships and the socioemotional and gender development of a community sample of 7-year-old children with lesbian parents. Families were recruited through the Avon Longitudinal Study of(More)
The aim of the study was to investigate family functioning and the psychological development of children raised in fatherless families from their first year of life. Thirty lesbian mother families and 42 families headed by a single heterosexual mother were compared with 41 two-parent heterosexual families using standardised interview and questionnaire(More)
The creation of families by means of the new reproductive technologies has raised important questions about the psychological consequences for children, particularly where gamete donation has been used in the child's conception. Findings are presented of a study of family relationships and the social and emotional development of children in families created(More)
Little research has examined the views of parents of children conceived as a result of the use of donated eggs (egg-donation parents) on whether, what and how to tell their children about the way in which they were conceived. Thus, the aim of the present study was to assess the pattern of disclosure in egg-donation families. A representative sample of 17(More)
Disclosures by parents with a child conceived by donor insemination were compared to those of parents with adopted children and parents with children conceived by in vitro fertilization. None of the donor-insemination parents had told their child. The factors found to create the greatest difficulties for disclosure were the father's infertility, the timing(More)
In recent years, concerns have been raised regarding the potentially negative consequences of gamete donation for parent-child relationships. Findings are presented of a study of families with an infant conceived by gamete donation. Fifty donor insemination families and 51 egg donation families were compared with 80 natural conception families on(More)
The role of indoor allergen exposure in the development of sensitization and asthma remains a subject of controversy. From a number of cross-sectional and longitudinal studies we can conclude that there is a very close association between allergen exposure and the sensitization of an individual. The dose-response relationships seem to differ between(More)
BACKGROUND This study examined the motivations, experiences and psychological consequences of surrogacy for surrogate mothers. METHODS Thirty-four women who had given birth to a surrogate child approximately 1 year previously were interviewed by trained researchers, and the data rated using standardized coding criteria. Information was obtained on: (i)(More)
OBJECTIVE To assess the quality of parenting and psychological adjustment of egg donation families as the child approaches adolescence in comparison with donor insemination (DI) and IVF families. DESIGN A study of 17 egg donation families, 35 DI families, and 34 IVF families with a 12-year-old child. Standardized interview and questionnaire measures were(More)
Findings are presented of a study of families created through surrogacy arrangements. Forty-two surrogacy families were compared with 51 egg-donation families and 80 natural-conception families on standardized interview and questionnaire measures of the psychological well-being of the parents, the quality of parent-child relationships, and infant(More)