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Recent observations of changes in some tundra ecosystems appear to be responses to a warming climate. Several experimental studies have shown that tundra plants and ecosystems can respond strongly to environmental change, including warming; however, most studies were limited to a single location and were of short duration and based on a variety of(More)
Understanding the sensitivity of tundra vegetation to climate warming is critical to forecasting future biodiversity and vegetation feedbacks to climate. In situ warming experiments accelerate climate change on a small scale to forecast responses of local plant communities. Limitations of this approach include the apparent site-specificity of results and(More)
Aim Current evidence from temperate studies suggests that ectomycorrhizal (ECM) fungi require overland routes for migration because of their obligate symbiotic associations with woody plants. Despite their key roles in arctic ecosystems, the phylogenetic diversity and phylogeography of arctic ECM fungi remains little known. Here we assess the phylogenetic(More)
4-Hydroxy-4-androstene-3,17-dione (4-OHA) and 4-acetoxy-4-androstene-3,17-dione (4-AcA), in addition to being competitive inhibitors of aromatase, cause time-dependent, irreversible, loss of enzyme activity in both human placental and rat ovarian microsomes. In vivo, treatment of rats with 4-OHA also causes loss of ovarian aromatase activity. To test(More)
We have synthesized the (19R)- and (19S)-isomers (2 and 3 respectively) of 10 beta-oxiranylestr-4-ene-3,17-dione. The configurations and conformations of these compounds were established by X-ray crystallographic analysis. Each of these compounds is a powerful competitive inhibitor of human placental microsomal aromatase, and stereoselectivity of inhibition(More)
Enhanced reductive dehalogenation is an attractive treatment technology for in situ remediation of chlorinated solvent DNAPL source areas. Reductive dehalogenation is an acid-forming process with hydrochloric acid and also organic acids from fermentation of the electron donors typically building up in the source zone during remediation. This can lead to(More)
This is a PDF file of an unedited manuscript that has been accepted for publication. As a service to our customers we are providing this early version of the manuscript. The manuscript will undergo copyediting, typesetting, and review of the resulting proof before it is published in its final form. Please note that during the production process errors may(More)
Keywords: Fungal community Basidiomycota Saprotrophs ITS DNA sequence Point Reyes National Seashore Coastal grassland Spatial structure T-RFLP a b s t r a c t In grasslands, saprotrophic fungi, including basidiomycetes, are major decomposers of dead organic matter, although spatial distributions of their mycelial assemblages are little described. The aim of(More)
a r t i c l e i n f o Simulation of biodegradation of chlorinated solvents in dense non-aqueous phase liquid (DNAPL) source zones requires a model that accounts for the complexity of processes involved and that is consistent with available laboratory studies. This paper describes such a comprehensive modeling framework that includes microbially mediated(More)