Learn More
Recent observations of changes in some tundra ecosystems appear to be responses to a warming climate. Several experimental studies have shown that tundra plants and ecosystems can respond strongly to environmental change, including warming; however, most studies were limited to a single location and were of short duration and based on a variety of(More)
Aim Current evidence from temperate studies suggests that ectomycorrhizal (ECM) fungi require overland routes for migration because of their obligate symbiotic associations with woody plants. Despite their key roles in arctic ecosystems, the phylogenetic diversity and phylogeography of arctic ECM fungi remains little known. Here we assess the phylogenetic(More)
4-Hydroxy-4-androstene-3,17-dione (4-OHA) and 4-acetoxy-4-androstene-3,17-dione (4-AcA), in addition to being competitive inhibitors of aromatase, cause time-dependent, irreversible, loss of enzyme activity in both human placental and rat ovarian microsomes. In vivo, treatment of rats with 4-OHA also causes loss of ovarian aromatase activity. To test(More)
We have synthesized the (19R)- and (19S)-isomers (2 and 3 respectively) of 10 beta-oxiranylestr-4-ene-3,17-dione. The configurations and conformations of these compounds were established by X-ray crystallographic analysis. Each of these compounds is a powerful competitive inhibitor of human placental microsomal aromatase, and stereoselectivity of inhibition(More)
This systematic review and meta-analysis reports the efficacy of post-natal physical activity change interventions with content coding of behaviour change techniques (BCTs). Electronic databases (MEDLINE, CINAHL and PsychINFO) were searched for interventions published from January 1980 to July 2013. Inclusion criteria were: (i) interventions including ≥1(More)
Keywords: Fungal community Basidiomycota Saprotrophs ITS DNA sequence Point Reyes National Seashore Coastal grassland Spatial structure T-RFLP a b s t r a c t In grasslands, saprotrophic fungi, including basidiomycetes, are major decomposers of dead organic matter, although spatial distributions of their mycelial assemblages are little described. The aim of(More)
a r t i c l e i n f o Simulation of biodegradation of chlorinated solvents in dense non-aqueous phase liquid (DNAPL) source zones requires a model that accounts for the complexity of processes involved and that is consistent with available laboratory studies. This paper describes such a comprehensive modeling framework that includes microbially mediated(More)
To assist in the design of enhanced reductive dechlorination systems for in situ remediation of chlori-nated solvent source zones, the software BUCHLORAC (BUffering of deCHLORination ACidity) was developed to predict the amount of buffer required to maintain the groundwater pH in a DNAPL treatment zone within the optimal range for dechlorinating bacteria.(More)
One hundred and fifty-three cats undergoing surgery in seven veterinary practices in Great Britain were studied. They were randomly allocated to receive either 10-20 microg/kg buprenorphine or 0.4 mg/kg butorphanol with acepromazine before anaesthesia with propofol, Saffan or thiopentone and isoflurane or halothane. Routine monitoring was undertaken. Pain(More)