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It has been reported that antiphospholipid autoantibodies do not recognize phospholipid alone, but rather the plasma protein beta 2-glycoprotein I (beta 2GPI), or a beta 2GPI-phospholipid complex. In vitro beta 2GPI binds to anionic phospholipids and inhibits the prothrombinase activity of procoagulant membranes. In light of the fact that lupus(More)
The relationship between inter-alpha inhibitor (I alpha I) and urinary proteinase inhibitor (UPI) was examined by comparing purified UPI with a proteolytic fragment of I alpha I (I'), and by demonstrating that inflammatory cells produce similar fragments under physiologic conditions. Purified I', derived by chymotrypsin digestion of I alpha I, was similar(More)
The purpose of this study was to compare three heparin-binding plasma proteinase inhibitors in order to identify common and unique features of heparin binding and heparin-enhanced proteinase inhibition. Experiments with antithrombin, heparin cofactor, and protein C inhibitor were performed under identical conditions in order to facilitate comparisons.(More)
Zinc binding to human alpha 2-macroglobulin was studied to assess its involvement in the structure and function alpha 2-macroglobulin. Equilibrium dialysis experiments indicated multiple classes of zinc-binding sites, the one of highest affinity having a site number of 20 and a Kd value of 8 X 10(-7) M. Native alpha 2-macroglobulin and alpha(More)
Protein C inhibitor was purified from human plasma by a modification of a published procedure (Suzuki, K., Nishioka, J., and Hashimoto, S. J. Biol. Chem. 258, 163-168, 1983). Approximately 1 mg of pure protein was obtained from 1 L plasma, a yield of about 17%. The protein C inhibitor preparation did not lose activity over 4 weeks at 4 degrees C. Second(More)
The plasma clearance of neutrophil elastase, plasmin, and their complexes with human inter-alpha-trypsin inhibitor (I alpha I) was examined in mice, and the distribution of the proteinases among the plasma proteinase inhibitors was quantified in mixtures of purified inhibitors, in human or murine plasma, and in murine plasma following injection of purified(More)