Clare M. Waterman-Storer

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Cell migration initiates by extension of the actin cytoskeleton at the leading edge. Computational analysis of fluorescent speckle microscopy movies of migrating epithelial cells revealed this process is mediated by two spatially colocalized but kinematically, kinetically, molecularly, and functionally distinct actin networks. A lamellipodium network(More)
Fluorescence microscopic visualization of fluorophore-conjugated proteins that have been microinjected or expressed in living cells and have incorporated into cellular structures has yielded much information about protein localization and dynamics [1]. This approach has, however, been limited by high background fluorescence and the difficulty of detecting(More)
BACKGROUND The microtubule-dependent motility of endoplasmic reticulum (ER) tubules is fundamental to the structure and function of the ER. From in vitro assays, three mechanisms for ER tubule motility have arisen: the 'membrane sliding mechanism' in which ER tubules slide along microtubules using microtubule motor activity; the 'microtubule movement(More)
We have discovered several novel features exhibited by microtubules (MTs) in migrating newt lung epithelial cells by time-lapse imaging of fluorescently labeled, microinjected tubulin. These cells exhibit leading edge ruffling and retrograde flow in the lamella and lamellipodia. The plus ends of lamella MTs persist in growth perpendicular to the leading(More)
Cells exhibit a biphasic migration-velocity response to increasing adhesion strength, with fast migration occurring at intermediate extracellular matrix (ECM) concentration and slow migration occurring at low and high ECM concentration. A simple mechanical model has been proposed to explain this observation, in which too little adhesion does not provide(More)
Cell migration requires the transmission of motion generated in the actin cytoskeleton to the extracellular environment through a complex assembly of proteins in focal adhesions. We developed correlational fluorescent speckle microscopy to measure the coupling of focal-adhesion proteins to actin filaments. Different classes of focal-adhesion structural and(More)
The distribution and dynamics of the membranous organelles in two cell types were investigated during cell division. Live cells (either PtK2 or LLC-PK1) labeled with the vital dye 3,3'-dihexyloxacarbocyanine iodide [DiOC6(3)] were observed via serial optical sectioning with the laser-scanning confocal microscope. Z-series of labeled, dividing cells were(More)
Interactions between microtubules and actin are a basic phenomenon that underlies many fundamental processes in which dynamic cellular asymmetries need to be established and maintained. These are processes as diverse as cell motility, neuronal pathfinding, cellular wound healing, cell division and cortical flow. Microtubules and actin exhibit two(More)
Migrating cells display a characteristic polarization of the actin cytoskeleton. Actin filaments polymerise in the protruding front of the cell whereas actin filament bundles contract in the cell body, which results in retraction of the cell's rear. The dynamic organization of the actin cytoskeleton provides the force for cell motility and is regulated by(More)
Actin in migrating cells is regulated by Rho GTPases. However, Rho proteins might also affect microtubules (MTs). Here, we used time-lapse microscopy of PtK1 cells to examine MT regulation downstream of Rac1. In these cells, "pioneer" MTs growing into leading-edge protrusions exhibited a decreased catastrophe frequency and an increased time in growth as(More)