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Adenosine, prostaglandins (PG) and nitric oxide (NO) have all been implicated in hypoxia-evoked vasodilatation. We investigated whether their actions are interdependent. In anaesthetised rats, the PG synthesis inhibitors diclofenac or indomethacin reduced muscle vasodilatation evoked by systemic hypoxia or adenosine, but not that evoked by iloprost, a(More)
Adenosine is implicated in playing a role in blood flow responses to situations where O(2) delivery is reduced (hypoxia) or O(2) consumption is increased (exercise). Strong isometric contractions have been shown to limit vasodilatation, potentially leading to a greater mismatch between and than during twitch contractions. Thus, we hypothesized that(More)
Local release of mitogenic and chemotactic signals during angioplasty-induced vascular injury may initiate restenosis. We investigated whether mechanical injury to vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMC) results in the release of biologically active peptide growth factors. Monolayers of bovine SMC cultures were mechanically injured by cell scraping. Conditioned(More)
Adenosine and nitric oxide (NO) are important local mediators of vasodilatation. The aim of this study was to elucidate the mechanisms underlying adenosine receptor-mediated NO release from the endothelium. In studies on freshly excised rat aorta, second-messenger systems were pharmacologically modulated by appropriate antagonists while a NO-sensitive(More)
It is accepted that NO plays a role in hypoxic vasodilatation in several tissues. For rat hindlimb muscle there is evidence that during systemic hypoxia endogenously released adenosine acts on endothelial A1 receptors to evoke dilatation in a NO-dependent fashion, implying requirement for, or mediation by, NO. We tested in vivo whether systemic hypoxia and(More)
A primary component of the intestinal mucous layer that functions as a barrier to luminal bacteria is mucin, a high-molecular-weight glucoprotein. In addition, the mucous layer also contains other important elements such as phospholipids (PLs), which may effect bacterial translocation (BTL). It has been reported that mucin inhibits Escherichia coli(More)
This review considers the contributions to exercise hyperaemia of substances released into the interstitial fluid, with emphasis on whether they are endothelium dependent or O(2) dependent. The early phase of exercise hyperaemia is attributable to K(+) released from contracting muscle fibres and acting extraluminally on arterioles. Hyperpolarization of(More)
The mechanism(s) whereby hepatocytes restore denuded areas remains unknown. We therefore studied the recovery of denuded areas made in monolayers of primary cultures of rat hepatocytes. Minimal recovery occurred in cells plated on plastic. Plating on Matrigel produced modest recovery (25% at 24 h), whereas plating on a type I collagen substrate resulted in(More)
Patients with systemic autoimmune diseases such as SLE and rheumatoid arthritis have increased rates of morbidity and mortality caused by infection. Although this increased risk of infection has been primarily attributed to therapeutic immuno-suppression, some reports exist of defective polymorphonuclear leukocytes (PMN) function in these patients. The(More)
Exercise hyperaemia is partly mediated by adenosine A(2A)-receptors. Adenosine can evoke nitric oxide (NO) release via endothelial A(2A)-receptors, but the role for NO in exercise hyperaemia is controversial. We have investigated the contribution of NO to hyperaemia evoked by isometric twitch contractions in its own right and in interaction with adenosine.(More)