Clare Beckhelling

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The capacity to initiate DNA replication appears during oocyte maturation in Xenopus. Initiation of S phase is driven by several components which include active cyclin/cdk complexes. We have identified three Xenopus cyclin E clones showing 59% amino acid identity with human cyclin E. The recruitment of cyclin E mRNA, like cdk2 mRNA, into the polysomal(More)
In this review we discuss the evidence that activation and inactivation of M-phase promoting factor (MPF), the universal mitotic activator, are regulated locally within the cell, and consider the mechanisms that might be responsible. Localised initiation of MPF activation has been demonstrated in Xenopus eggs and egg fragments by examination of the timing(More)
Although maturation/M phase promoting factor (MPF) can activate autonomously in Xenopus egg cytoplasm, indirect evidence suggests that nuclei and centrosomes may focus activation within the cell. We have dissected the contribution of these structures to MPF activation in fertilized eggs and in egg fragments containing different combinations of nuclei,(More)
We have used complementary biochemical and in vivo approaches to study the compartmentalization of M phase-promoting factor (MPF) in prophase Xenopus eggs and oocytes. We first examined the distribution of MPF (Cdc2/CyclinB2) and membranous organelles in high-speed extracts of Xenopus eggs made during mitotic prophase. These extracts were found to lack(More)
Mitosis is governed by the activity of the M-phase promoting factor (MPF). In some systems, particularly early embryos, transient increases in calcium concentration have been shown to be necessary for mitosis and regulate its timing. By microinjection of the calcium buffer, dibromoBAPTA, into fertilised Xenopus eggs, we have assessed whether calcium events(More)
The cytoplasmic localisation of factors capable of influencing the behaviour of nuclei has long been considered a potential mechanisms for generating cell differences during development. Yoshio Masui was instrumental in identifying two cytoplasmic factors, maturation promoting factor (MPF) and cytostatic factor (CSF), defining the first biological assay for(More)
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