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Fungal strains isolated from rocks and lichens collected in the Antarctic ice-free area of the Victoria Land, one of the coldest and driest habitats on earth, were found in two phylogenetically isolated positions within the subclass Dothideomycetidae. They are here reported as new genera and species, Recurvomyces mirabilisgen. nov., sp. nov. and(More)
An investigation was made into the occurrence and biodiversity of Geodermatophilaceae on 78 samples of altered stone surfaces from 24 monuments and natural stones in the Mediterranean basin; it was found that the total microbial counts ranged between 0 and 10(7) cfu g(-1) dry weight. Members of the Geodermatophilaceae family were isolated from 22 of the 78(More)
Phototrophic microbial communities present in the Roman Catacombs were characterized and different species of terrestrial epilithic cyanobacteria were found to occur as dominant organisms. Eucapsis, Leptolyngbya, Scytonema, and Fischerella were the most frequently encountered cyanobacterial taxa, while a few species of green algae and the diatom Diadesmis(More)
A novel actinobacterium, strain BC640(T), was isolated from a biofilm sample collected in 2009 in the Saint Callistus Roman catacombs. Analysis of the 16S rRNA gene sequence showed that the strain belonged to the genus Kribbella. Phylogenetic analysis using the 16S rRNA gene and concatenated gyrB, rpoB, relA, recA and atpD gene sequences showed that strain(More)
Roman Catacombs are affected by different kinds of biofilms that were extensively investigated in the last 14 years. In particular, the areas far from the lamps are often covered by white biofilms of different extension, consistency and nature. The aim of this paper is to describe the profile of the microbial community present in two areas of the Ocean's(More)
An easy and fast non-destructive method for sampling from monument and art object surfaces is proposed. The results obtained after sampling in regions of black spots and discoloration using adhesive tape strips showed that the method is useful for monitoring microbial colonization as well as for the identification of biodeteriogens. This technique is easy(More)
Several nocardioform actinomycetes were isolated from tufaceous surfaces with whitish-grey patinas in the catacombs of St Callistus in Rome, Italy. The morphology of the isolates and their chemotaxonomic characteristics such as LL-diaminopimelic acid in the cell-wall peptidoglycan, the major menaquinone of MK-9(H(4)), phosphatidylinositol,(More)
A Gram-positive, aerobic bacterium with coccoid cells occurring singly, in pairs and in clusters was isolated from the surface of a marble statue. The peptidoglycan contain LL-diaminopimelic acid as diagnostic diamino acid and a single glycine residue as interpeptide bridge (type A3 gamma). The major menaquinone is MK-8(H4). The cellular fatty acid pattern(More)
The biological colonization of rocks in the Cave of Bats (Cueva de Los Murciélagos, Zuheros, Spain) was studied in order to reveal the diversity of microorganisms involved in the biofilm formation. The culturable, metabolically active fraction of biodeteriogens present on surfaces was investigated focusing on morphological, ultrastructural, and genetic(More)
A novel actinobacterium, strain BC637(T), was isolated from a biodeteriogenic biofilm sample collected in 2009 in the Saint Callixstus Roman catacomb. The strain was found to belong to the genus Kribbella by analysis of the 16S rRNA gene. Phylogenetic analysis using the 16S rRNA gene and the gyrB, rpoB, relA, recA and atpD concatenated gene sequences showed(More)