Clara Sciorati

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Nitric oxide was found to trigger mitochondrial biogenesis in cells as diverse as brown adipocytes and 3T3-L1, U937, and HeLa cells. This effect of nitric oxide was dependent on guanosine 3',5'-monophosphate (cGMP) and was mediated by the induction of peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor gamma coactivator 1alpha, a master regulator of mitochondrial(More)
Expansion of a polyglutamine sequence in the N terminus of huntingtin is the gain-of-function event that causes Huntington's disease. This mutation affects primarily the medium-size spiny neurons of the striatum. Huntingtin is expressed in many neuronal and non-neuronal cell types, implying a more general function for the wild-type protein. Here we report(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Inflammation plays a key role in cerebral ischemia through activation of microglia and infiltration by leukocytes. Flow cytometry is a well-established method for quantitative and qualitative analysis of inflammatory cells. However, this technique has not been applied to the study of cerebral ischemia inflammation. The aim of this(More)
Nitric oxide (NO) plays a modulatory role on cell growth and differentiation, biological processes that occur under the control of various signal transduction mechanisms, including those triggered by activation of membrane receptors for polypeptide growth factors. The increases in intracellular Ca2+ concentration elicited by the activation of these(More)
Broad spectrum caspase inhibitors have been found to reduce neurodegeneration caused by cerebral ischemia. We studied whether blockade of group I caspases, mainly caspase-1, using the inhibitor Ac-YVAD.cmk reduced infarct volume and produced prolonged neuroprotection. Ac-YVAD.cmk (300 ng/rat) was injected intracerebroventricularly 10 min after permanent(More)
Of two neurosecretory PC12 cell clones that respond to NO donors and 8-bromo-cGMP with similar increases in cADP-ribose and that possess molecularly similar Ca2+ stores, only one (clone 16A) expresses the type 2 ryanodine receptor, whereas the other (clone 27) is devoid of ryanodine receptors. In PC12-16A cells, activation of the NO/cGMP pathway induced(More)
Duchenne muscular dystrophy is a relatively common disease that affects skeletal muscle, leading to progressive paralysis and death. There is currently no resolutive therapy. We have developed a treatment in which we combined the effects of nitric oxide with nonsteroidal antiinflammatory activity by using HCT 1026, a nitric oxide-releasing derivative of(More)
Apoptosis triggered by death receptors proceeds after defined signal-transduction pathways. Whether signaling at the receptor level is regulated by intracellular messengers is still unknown. We have investigated the role of two messengers, ceramide and nitric oxide (NO), on the apoptotic pathway activated in human monocytic U937 cells by tumor necrosis(More)
1. In the present work, we study the effect of NO on the proliferation and differentiation of brown fat cells in primary cultures. 2. Brown fat precursor cells isolated from rat brown adipose tissue were cultured for 8 days until confluence and treated daily with the NO donating agents, S-nitroso-acetyl penicillamine (SNAP) or S-nitroso-L-glutathione(More)
Peroxynitrite does not directly cause strand scission of genomic DNA. Rather, as we previously reported, the DNA cleavage is largely mediated by H(2)O(2) resulting from the dismutation of superoxide generated in the mitochondria upon peroxynitrite-dependent inhibition of complex III. The present study demonstrates that this process is strictly controlled by(More)