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Nitric oxide was found to trigger mitochondrial biogenesis in cells as diverse as brown adipocytes and 3T3-L1, U937, and HeLa cells. This effect of nitric oxide was dependent on guanosine 3',5'-monophosphate (cGMP) and was mediated by the induction of peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor gamma coactivator 1alpha, a master regulator of mitochondrial(More)
Expansion of a polyglutamine sequence in the N terminus of huntingtin is the gain-of-function event that causes Huntington's disease. This mutation affects primarily the medium-size spiny neurons of the striatum. Huntingtin is expressed in many neuronal and non-neuronal cell types, implying a more general function for the wild-type protein. Here we report(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Inflammation plays a key role in cerebral ischemia through activation of microglia and infiltration by leukocytes. Flow cytometry is a well-established method for quantitative and qualitative analysis of inflammatory cells. However, this technique has not been applied to the study of cerebral ischemia inflammation. The aim of this(More)
Of two neurosecretory PC12 cell clones that respond to NO donors and 8-bromo-cGMP with similar increases in cADP-ribose and that possess molecularly similar Ca2+ stores, only one (clone 16A) expresses the type 2 ryanodine receptor, whereas the other (clone 27) is devoid of ryanodine receptors. In PC12-16A cells, activation of the NO/cGMP pathway induced(More)
Peroxynitrite does not directly cause strand scission of genomic DNA. Rather, as we previously reported, the DNA cleavage is largely mediated by H(2)O(2) resulting from the dismutation of superoxide generated in the mitochondria upon peroxynitrite-dependent inhibition of complex III. The present study demonstrates that this process is strictly controlled by(More)
SK-N-BE neuroblastoma cell clones transfected with p75(NTR) and lacking Trk neurotrophin receptors, previously reported to undergo extensive spontaneous apoptosis and to be protected by nerve growth factor (NGF) (Bunone, G., Mariotti, A., Compagni, A., Morandi, E., and Della Valle, G. (1997) Oncogene 14, 1463-1470), are shown to exhibit (i) increased levels(More)
Nitric oxide is a signaling molecule involved in events crucial to neuronal cell function, such as neurotransmitter release, gene transcription, and neurotoxicity, i.e., a number of processes in which a key role appears to be played by increases in intracellular Ca2+ concentration. In the neurosecretory/neuronal cell line PC-12, we have investigated the(More)
Depletion of dendritic cells (DCs) via apoptosis contributes to sepsis-induced immune suppression. The mechanisms leading to DC apoptosis during sepsis are not known. In this study we report that immature DCs undergo apoptosis when treated with high numbers of Escherichia coli. This effect was mimicked by high concentrations of LPS. Apoptosis was(More)
BACKGROUND Ozonated autohemotherapy (OA) has been previously successfully used in the treatment of patients affected by peripheral occlusive arterial disease. OA consists of an intrafemoral reinfusion of autologous blood previously exposed to a mixture of oxygen/ozone (O2/O3). This study analyzes the effects of OA in protecting rat kidney from ischemia and(More)
Apoptosis triggered by death receptors proceeds after defined signal-transduction pathways. Whether signaling at the receptor level is regulated by intracellular messengers is still unknown. We have investigated the role of two messengers, ceramide and nitric oxide (NO), on the apoptotic pathway activated in human monocytic U937 cells by tumor necrosis(More)