Learn More
Photosynthetic organisms can store nitrogen by synthesizing arginine, and, therefore, feedback inhibition of arginine synthesis must be relieved in these organisms when nitrogen is abundant. This relief is accomplished by the binding of the PII signal transduction protein to acetylglutamate kinase (NAGK), the controlling enzyme of arginine synthesis. Here,(More)
We test, using site-directed mutagenesis, predictions based on the X-ray structure of N-acetyl-L-glutamate kinase (NAGK), the paradigm of the amino acid kinase protein family, about the roles of specific residues on substrate binding and catalysis. The mutations K8R and D162E decreased V([sustrate]= infinity ) 100-fold and 1000-fold, respectively, in(More)
Ornithine transcarbamylase deficiency (OTCD), the X-linked, most frequent urea cycle error, results from mutations in the OTC gene, encoding a 354-residue polypeptide. To date 341 OTCD clinical mutations, including 222 missense single nucleotide changes (mSNCs), have been compiled (Hum Mutat 2006;27:626). OTCD mutation detection might be simplified if the(More)
Glutamate 5-kinase (G5K) makes the highly unstable product glutamyl 5-phosphate (G5P) in the initial, controlling step of proline/ornithine synthesis, being feedback-inhibited by proline or ornithine, and causing, when defective, clinical hyperammonaemia. We determined two crystal structures of G5K from Escherichia coli, at 2.9 A and 2.5 A resolution,(More)
UMP kinase (UMPK), the enzyme responsible for microbial UMP phosphorylation, plays a key role in pyrimidine nucleotide biosynthesis, regulating this process via feed-back control and via gene repression of carbamoyl phosphate synthetase (the first enzyme of the pyrimidine biosynthesis pathway). We present crystal structures of Pyrococcus furiosus UMPK, free(More)
Carbamoyl phosphate synthetase I (CPSI) deficiency, a recessively inherited error of the urea cycle, causes life-threatening hyperammonaemia. CPSI is a multidomain 1500-residue liver mitochondrial matrix protein that is allosterically activated by N-acetyl-l-glutamate, and which synthesises carbamoyl phosphate (CP) in three steps: bicarbonate(More)
Δ(1)-Pyrroline-5-carboxylate synthetase (P5CS) catalyzes the first two steps of ornithine/proline biosynthesis. P5CS deficiency has been reported in three families, with patients presenting with cutis/joint laxity, cataracts, and neurodevelopmental delay. Only one family exhibited metabolic changes consistent with P5CS deficiency (low(More)
UMP phosphorylation, a key step for pyrimidine nucleotide biosynthesis, is catalyzed in bacteria by UMP kinase (UMPK), an enzyme specific for UMP that is dissimilar to the eukaryotic UMP/CMP kinase or to other nucleoside monophosphate kinases. UMPK is allosterically regulated and participates in pyrimidine-triggered gene repression. As first step towards(More)
N-acetyl-L-glutamate synthase (NAGS) deficiency (NAGSD), the rarest urea cycle defect, is clinically indistinguishable from carbamoyl phosphate synthetase 1 deficiency, rendering the identification of NAGS gene mutations key for differentiation, which is crucial, as only NAGSD has substitutive therapy. Over the last 13 years, we have identified 43 patients(More)
UMP kinase (UMPK), a key bacterial pyrimidine nucleotide biosynthesis enzyme, is UTP-inhibited and GTP-activated. We delineate the GTP site of Escherichia coli UMPK by alanine mutagenesis of R92, H96, R103, W119 or R130, abolishing GTP activation; of S124 and R127, decreasing affinity for GTP; and of N111 and D115, with little detrimental effect. We exclude(More)