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We have observed in a previous study that insertion, deletion and partial frameshift mutation in the distal pre-S region did not abolish replication capacity of the duck hepatitis B virus (DHBV) (Li et al., 1989, J. Virol. 63, 4965-4968). To compare further the relative replication capacity between the pre-S mutant and wild type virus, ducts were infected(More)
The discovery of the natural peroxides qinghaosu (arteannuin A, artemisinin) (1) and yingzhaosu A (3) from traditional Chinese herbal medicines was a major advance in the search for new antimalarials (Fig. 1). Whereas qinghaosu can be produced from natural sources and has been well studied, yingzhaosu A has never been available for full evaluation as(More)
Chloroquine is thought to exert its antimalarial activity by preventing the polymerisation of toxic haematin released during proteolysis of haemoglobin in the Plasmodium digestive vacuole. However, the molecular mechanisms by which this inhibition occurs and the universality of this mechanism for other quinoline antimalarials remain to be established. We(More)
We have synthesized several 4-aminoquinolines with shortened side chains that retain activity against chloroquine-resistant isolates of Plasmodium falciparum malaria (W. Hofheinz, C. Jaquet, and S. Jolidon, European patent 94116281.0, June 1995). We report here an assessment of the activities of four selected compounds containing ethyl, propyl, and(More)
The sesquiterpene peroxide Ro 42-1611 (arteflene), a synthetic derivative of yingzhaosu, was evaluated extensively against various drug-sensitive and drug-resistant lines of Plasmodium falciparum in vitro and P. berghei in vivo in mice. The potential therapeutic and prophylactic activities were studied comparatively with the standard antimalarials(More)
OBJECTIVE The 65 kDa heat shock protein (HSP) chaperonin is a highly conserved intracellular protein. HSP are involved in the pathogenesis of arthritis, but are not able to induce experimental arthritis. T cell clones recognizing the 180-188 amino acid sequence of 65 kDa HSP are present in inflamed synovium of both adjuvant arthritis and rheumatoid(More)
The safety, tolerability and pharmacokinetics of the antimalarial arteflene (Ro 42-1611) were evaluated in a single ascending dose, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial in healthy male volunteers. Six groups of 9 volunteers (6 active and 3 placebo) received single oral doses of 100, 300, 900, 1800, 2700 and 3600 mg as a drinking suspension in the fasted(More)
The S,S enantiomer of the bisquinoline trans-N1,N2-bis(7-chloroquinolin-4-yl)cyclohexane-1,2-diamine, Ro 47-7737, is significantly more potent against chloroquine-resistant Plasmodium falciparum than the R,R enantiomer and the previously described racemate. Both the enantiomers and the racemate are more potent inhibitors of heme polymerization than(More)