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Parathyroid hormone (PTH) regulates extracellular calcium homeostasis through the type 1 PTH receptor (PTH1R) expressed in kidney and bone. The PTH1R undergoes beta-arrestin/dynamin-mediated endocytosis in response to the biologically active forms of PTH, PTH-(1-34), and PTH-(1-84). We now show that amino-truncated forms of PTH that do not activate the(More)
PURPOSE As a transcriptional repressor of E-cadherin, Snail has predominantly been associated with epithelial-mesenchymal transition, invasion, and metastasis. However, other important Snail-dependent malignant phenotypes have not been fully explored. Here, we investigate the contributions of Snail to the progression of non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC).(More)
The plasma membrane Ca2+-ATPase (PMCA) and the NCX1 Na+/Ca2+ exchanger regulate intracellular Ca2+ concentrations and mediate Ca2+ efflux in absorptive epithelial cells. We characterized the PMCA isoforms and subtypes expressed in mouse distal convoluted tubule (mDCT) cells and Na+/Ca2+ exchanger protein expression in mDCT cells. In lysates of mDCT cells,(More)
Acute hypertension provokes a rapid decrease in proximal tubule sodium reabsorption with a decrease in basolateral membrane sodium-potassium-ATPase activity and an increase in the density of membranes containing apical membrane sodium/hydrogen exchangers (NHE3) [Y. Zhang, A. K. Mircheff, C. B. Hensley, C. E. Magyar, D. G. Warnock, R. Chambrey, K.-P. Yip, D.(More)
Acute arterial hypertension provokes a rapid decrease in proximal tubule (PT) Na+ reabsorption, increasing flow to the macula densa, the signal for tubuloglomerular feedback. We tested the hypothesis, in rats, that Na+ transport is decreased due to rapid redistribution of apical Na+/H+ exchangers and basolateral Na+ pumps to internal membranes. Arterial(More)
The activity of Na(+)-K(+)-adenosinetriphosphatase (Na(+)-K(+)-ATPase), the sodium pump, which drives active Na+ reabsorption along the nephron, varies over an order of magnitude, depending on the nephron segment, and activity is increased in the outer medullary collecting tubule (MCT) during hypokalemia. The aims of the present study were to assess(More)
Na+ crosses the luminal membrane of the proximal tubule primarily via Na+/H+ exchange (NHE), and NHE activity is influenced by thyroid status. Pharmacological, immunological, and kinetic studies indicate multiple isoforms of NHE, and four full-length cDNAs have been cloned to date. The aims of this study were to determine which NHE mRNAs (NHE1, -2, -3, and(More)
PURPOSE The prognostic usefulness of the Fuhrman nuclear grading system has been questioned for chromophobe renal cell carcinoma due to its frequent nuclear and nucleolar pleomorphism. Chromophobe tumor grade, a novel 3-tier tumor grading system based on geographic nuclear crowding and anaplasia, was recently reported to be superior to the Fuhrman system.(More)
Clear cell renal cell carcinomas (RCC), the major histologic subtype of RCC accounting for more than 80% of cases, are typified by biallelic inactivation of the von Hippel-Lindau (VHL) tumor suppressor gene. Although accumulation of hypoxia-inducible factor alpha (HIF-α) is the most well-studied effect of VHL inactivation, direct inhibition of HIFα or(More)
KLF4/GLKF4 is a transcription factor that can have divergent functions in different malignancies. The role of KLF4 in prostate cancer etiology remains unclear. We have recently reported that small double-stranded RNA can induce gene expression by targeting promoter sequence in a phenomenon referred to as RNA activation (RNAa). In this study, we examine KLF4(More)