Clara Blanes-Mira

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The catalytic domain of clostridial neurotoxins is a substrate of tyrosine-specific protein kinases. The functional role of tyrosine phosphorylation and also the number and location of its (their) phosphorylation site(s) are yet elusive. We have used the recombinant catalytic domain of botulinum neurotoxin E (BoNT E) to examine these issues. Bacterially(More)
The ability of certain Src homology 3 (SH3) domains to bind specifically both type I and type II polyproline ligands is perhaps the best characterized, but also the worst understood, example in the family of protein-interaction modules. A detailed analysis of the structural variations in SH3 domains, with respect to ligand-binding specificity, together with(More)
Botulinum neurotoxin A (BoNT A) is a substrate of the Src family of tyrosine kinases. Here, we report that the BoNT A light chain (LC) is phosphorylated in the tyrosine-71 located at N-terminus. Covalent modification of this residue notably increases the thermal stability of the endopeptidase activity, without affecting its catalytic efficacy. Similarly,(More)
Synthetic peptides patterned after the C-terminus of synaptosomal associated protein of 25 kDa (SNAP25) efficiently abrogate regulated exocytosis. In contrast, the use of SNAP25 N-terminal-derived peptides to modulate SNAP receptors (SNARE) complex assembly and neurosecretion has not been explored. Here, we show that the N-terminus of SNAP25, specially the(More)
Botulinum neurotoxins (BoNTs) represent a revolution in cosmetic science because of their remarkable and long-lasting antiwrinkle activity. However, their high neurotoxicity seriously limits their use. Thus, there is a need to design and validate non-toxic molecules that mimic the action of BoNTs. The hexapeptide Ac-EEMQRR-NH(2) (coined Argireline) was(More)
Synthetic peptides patterned after the proteins involved in vesicle fusion [the so-called SNARE (soluble N -ethylmaleimide-sensitive fusion protein attachment protein receptor) proteins] are potent inhibitors of SNARE complex assembly and neuronal exocytosis. It is noteworthy that the identification of peptide sequences not related to the SNARE proteins has(More)
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