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The natural geographical occurrence, carbon assimilation, and structural and biochemical diversity of species with C4 photosynthesis in the vegetation of Mongolia was studied. The Mongolian flora was screened for C4 plants by using 13C/12C isotope fractionation, determining the early products of 14CO2 fixation, microscopy of leaf mesophyll cell anatomy, and(More)
Certain actively filling plant sucrose sinks such as a seed, a tuber, or a root can be identified by measuring the uridine diphosphate and pyrophosphate-dependent metabolism of sucrose. Sucrolysis in both active and quiescent sucrose sinks was tested and sucrose synthase was found to be the predominant sucrose breakdown activity. Sucrolysis via invertases(More)
Sucrose synthase (SS) was the dominant enzyme of sucrose metabolism in both stem and root vascular cambial zone tissues of nursery-grown loblolly pine (Pinrrs taeda L.) seedlings. Acid invertase (AI) and neutral invertase (NI) activities were generally less than 10% of the SS activity in both tissues. In both cambial tissues, seasonal patterns of enzyme(More)
The breakdown of sucrose to feed both hexoses into glycolytic carbon flow can occur by the sucrose synthase pathway. This uridine diphosphate (UDP) and pyrophosphate (PPi)-dependent pathway was biochemically characterized using soluble extracts from several plants. The sucrolysis process required the simultaneous presence of sucrose, UDP, and PPi with their(More)
In ripening banana (Musa sp. [AAA group, Cavendish subgroup] cv Valery) fruit, the concentration of glycolytic intermediates increased in response to the rapid conversion of starch to sugars and CO(2). Glucose 6-phosphate (G-6-P), fructose 6-phosphate (Fru 6-P), and pyruvate (Pyr) levels changed in synchrony, increasing to a maximum one day past the peak in(More)
Diversity in photosynthetic pathways in the angiosperm family Chenopodiaceae is expressed in both biochemical and anatomical characters. To understand the evolution of photosynthetic diversity, we reconstructed the phylogeny of representative species of tribe Salsoleae of subfamily Salsoloideae, a group that exhibits in microcosm the patterns of(More)
Here it is reported that sucrose synthase can be readily measured in growing wild tomato fruits (Lycopersicon chmielewskii) when suitable methods are adopted during fruit extraction. The enzyme also was present in fruit pericarp tissues, in seeds, and in flowers. To check for novel characteristics, the wild tomato fruit sucrose synthase was purified, by(More)
Alkaline invertase from sprouting soybean (Glycine max) hypocotyls was purified to apparent electrophoretic homogeneity by consecutive use of DEAE-cellulose, green 19 dye, and Cibacron blue 3GA dye affinity chromatography. This protocol produced about a 100-fold purification with about a 11% yield. The purified protein had a specific activity of 48 mumol of(More)
Most species of the genus Salsola (Chenopodiaceae) that have been examined exhibit C4 photosynthesis in leaves. Four Salsola species from Central Asia were investigated in this study to determine the structural and functional relationships in photosynthesis of cotyledons compared to leaves, using anatomical (Kranz versus non-Kranz anatomy, chloroplast(More)