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Certain actively filling plant sucrose sinks such as a seed, a tuber, or a root can be identified by measuring the uridine diphosphate and pyrophosphate-dependent metabolism of sucrose. Sucrolysis in both active and quiescent sucrose sinks was tested and sucrose synthase was found to be the predominant sucrose breakdown activity. Sucrolysis via invertases(More)
The breakdown of sucrose to feed both hexoses into glycolytic carbon flow can occur by the sucrose synthase pathway. This uridine diphosphate (UDP) and pyrophosphate (PPi)-dependent pathway was biochemically characterized using soluble extracts from several plants. The sucrolysis process required the simultaneous presence of sucrose, UDP, and PPi with their(More)
The natural geographical occurrence, carbon assimilation, and structural and biochemical diversity of species with C4 photosynthesis in the vegetation of Mongolia was studied. The Mongolian flora was screened for C4 plants by using 13C/12C isotope fractionation, determining the early products of 14CO2 fixation, microscopy of leaf mesophyll cell anatomy, and(More)
Here it is reported that sucrose synthase can be readily measured in growing wild tomato fruits (Lycopersicon chmielewskii) when suitable methods are adopted during fruit extraction. The enzyme also was present in fruit pericarp tissues, in seeds, and in flowers. To check for novel characteristics, the wild tomato fruit sucrose synthase was purified, by(More)
Diversity in photosynthetic pathways in the angiosperm family Chenopodiaceae is expressed in both biochemical and anatomical characters. To understand the evolution of photosynthetic diversity, we reconstructed the phylogeny of representative species of tribe Salsoleae of subfamily Salsoloideae, a group that exhibits in microcosm the patterns of(More)
Sucrose synthase (SS) was the dominant enzyme of sucrose metabolism in both stem and root vascular cambial zone tissues of nursery-grown loblolly pine (Pinrrs taeda L.) seedlings. Acid invertase (AI) and neutral invertase (NI) activities were generally less than 10% of the SS activity in both tissues. In both cambial tissues, seasonal patterns of enzyme(More)
A technique is presented for the isolation of vacuoles from Sedum telephium L. leaves. Leaf material is digested enzymically to produce protoplasts rapidly which are partially lysed by gentle osmotic shock and the inclusion of 5 millimolar ethyleneglycol-bis (beta-aminoethyl ether)N,N'-tetraacetic acid in the wash medium. Vacuoles are isolated from the(More)
Developing and germinating lima bean (Phaseolus lunatus var Cangreen) seeds were used for testing the sucrose synthase pathway, to examine the competition for uridine diphosphate (UDP) and pyrophosphate (PPi), and to identify adaptive and maintenance-type enzymes in glycolysis and gluconeogenesis. In developing seeds, sucrose breakdown was dominated by the(More)
Phosphoenolpyruvate carboxykinase, EC 4.1.1.32 (PEPCK), was purified 43-fold from the grass Panicum maximum. Michaelis constants (Km) were determined for the exchange reaction, the carboxylation reaction, and the decarboxylation reaction. The Km values for oxaloacetate and ATP in the decarboxylation reaction were found to be lower than the Km values for the(More)
The cassava plant, Manihot esculenta, grows exceptionally well in low fertility and drought prone environments, but the mechanisms that allow this growth are unknown. Earlier, and sometimes contradictory, work speculated about the presence of a C4-type photosynthesis in cassava leaves. In the present work we found no evidence for a C4 metabolism in mature(More)