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Expression of class II major histocompatibility complex (MHC) on monocytes is a prerequisite for effective antigen presentation and processing, an important component of the immune response to infection. It has been reported that the level of monocyte class II expression may identify patients who go on to develop infective complications following trauma. In(More)
It has been suggested that major surgery induces polymorphonuclear leukocyte (PMNL) dysfunction, which exposes patients to the development of sepsis. Conversely, the sepsis response and multisystem organ failure in patients after surgery is thought to be mediated by activated PMNLs. In a preliminary attempt to investigate this paradox, we studied functional(More)
BACKGROUND Severe intra-abdominal sepsis continues to carry a high mortality rate. The physiological response to sepsis in this condition and its relationship with proinflammatory mediators and their endogenous antagonists require further clarification. METHODS Fifty-seven patients were stratified by Acute Physiology And Chronic Health Evaluation (APACHE)(More)
BACKGROUND Recombinant interleukin-2 (rIL-2) therapy for advanced malignancy is usually associated with a vascular leak syndrome (VLS) similar to that seen in severe sepsis. We investigated the possibility that the IL-2-induced VLS may be associated with the presence of circulating activated polymorphonuclear (PMN) leukocytes as occurs in sepsis syndrome.(More)
mRNA for the suppressive epitope of p15E was found to be present in 24 of 30 samples of human colorectal cancer and in all four specimens of gastric cancer. mRNA for p15E was seldom seen in nonmalignant colonic or gastric mucosa but, when present, was associated with inflammatory or pre-malignant conditions of the digestive tract. Synthetic peptides derived(More)
The production of chlorinated oxidants such as hypochlorous acid is a central antimicrobial and immunoregulatory function of neutrophils. Neutrophil hypochlorous acid production was compared in patients undergoing uncomplicated laparoscopic surgery (group 1) and those submitted to conventional open surgery (group 2). Preoperative peak hypochlorous acid(More)
One of the limitations of the horseradish peroxidase (HRP) tracer method is the diffusion of HRP into injured axons resulting in unintended labeling of neurons not terminating in the injection area. To overcome this limitation, an experiment was designed to inject the HRP through an implanted cannula after degeneration and healing had taken place. It was(More)