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OBJECTIVE To evaluate prospectively the clinical features, angiographic findings, and response to treatment of patients with Takayasu arteritis. DESIGN 60 patients with Takayasu arteritis were studied at the National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases between 1970 and 1990 and were followed for 6 months to 20 years (median follow-up, 5.3 years).(More)
OBJECTIVE To prospectively study the clinical features, pathophysiology, treatment and prognosis of Wegener granulomatosis. DESIGN Of the 180 patients with Wegener granulomatosis referred to the National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases during the past 24 years, 158 have been followed for 6 months to 24 years (a total of 1229 patient-years).(More)
A unique cohort of HIV-1-infected long term nonprogressors (LTNP) with normal CD4(+) T cell counts and <50 copies/ml of plasma were prospectively recruited for study. HLA typing revealed a dramatic association between the HLA B*5701 class I allele and nonprogressive infection [85% (11 of 13) vs. 9.5% (19 of 200) in progressors; P < 0. 001]. Antigen-specific(More)
Virus-specific CD8+ T cells probably mediate control over HIV replication in rare individuals, termed long-term nonprogressors (LTNPs) or elite controllers. Despite extensive investigation, the mechanisms responsible for this control remain incompletely understood. We observed that HIV-specific CD8+ T cells of LTNPs persisted at higher frequencies than(More)
It is unclear why immunological control of HIV replication is incomplete in most infected individuals. We examined here the CD8+ T cell response to HIV-infected CD4+ T cells in rare patients with immunological control of HIV. Although high frequencies of HIV-specific CD8+ T cells were present in nonprogressors and progressors, only those of nonprogressors(More)
OBJECTIVE To describe the incidence of, clinical manifestations of, and risk factors for cyclophosphamide-induced urinary bladder toxicity in patients treated for nonmalignant disease. DESIGN Retrospective analysis of patients followed at the National Institutes of Allergy and Infectious Diseases from 1967 to 1993. SETTING The Warren G. Magnuson(More)
Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) persists in peripheral blood mononuclear cells despite sustained, undetectable plasma viremia resulting from long-term antiretroviral therapy. However, the source of persistent HIV in such infected individuals remains unclear. Given recent data suggesting high levels of viral replication and profound depletion of CD4(+) T(More)
We developed a method to study the DNA synthetic cycles of Entamoeba histolytica and Entamoeba invadens by flow cytometry (FCM) based on a preparative procedure to reduce both high levels of natural fluorescence and non-specific adsorption of fluorochromes. We modeled G1, S, and G2 phases as a series of overlapping Gaussian curves. Both E. histolytica and(More)
Induction of broadly cross-reactive neutralizing antibodies (NAb) is an important goal for a prophylactic human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) vaccine. Some HIV-infected patients make a NAb response that reacts with diverse strains of HIV-1, but most candidate vaccines have induced NAb only against a subset of highly sensitive isolates. To better(More)
The persistence of latently infected resting CD4+ T cells has been clearly demonstrated in human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-infected individuals receiving effective antiviral therapy. However, estimates of the half-life of this viral reservoir have been quite divergent. We demonstrate clear evidence for decay of this HIV reservoir in patients who(More)