Claire W. Hallahan

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OBJECTIVE To prospectively study the clinical features, pathophysiology, treatment and prognosis of Wegener granulomatosis. DESIGN Of the 180 patients with Wegener granulomatosis referred to the National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases during the past 24 years, 158 have been followed for 6 months to 24 years (a total of 1229 patient-years).(More)
OBJECTIVE To evaluate prospectively the clinical features, angiographic findings, and response to treatment of patients with Takayasu arteritis. DESIGN 60 patients with Takayasu arteritis were studied at the National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases between 1970 and 1990 and were followed for 6 months to 20 years (median follow-up, 5.3 years).(More)
A unique cohort of HIV-1-infected long term nonprogressors (LTNP) with normal CD4(+) T cell counts and <50 copies/ml of plasma were prospectively recruited for study. HLA typing revealed a dramatic association between the HLA B*5701 class I allele and nonprogressive infection [85% (11 of 13) vs. 9.5% (19 of 200) in progressors; P < 0. 001]. Antigen-specific(More)
Virus-specific CD8+ T cells probably mediate control over HIV replication in rare individuals, termed long-term nonprogressors (LTNPs) or elite controllers. Despite extensive investigation, the mechanisms responsible for this control remain incompletely understood. We observed that HIV-specific CD8+ T cells of LTNPs persisted at higher frequencies than(More)
It is unclear why immunological control of HIV replication is incomplete in most infected individuals. We examined here the CD8+ T cell response to HIV-infected CD4+ T cells in rare patients with immunological control of HIV. Although high frequencies of HIV-specific CD8+ T cells were present in nonprogressors and progressors, only those of nonprogressors(More)
Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) persists in peripheral blood mononuclear cells despite sustained, undetectable plasma viremia resulting from long-term antiretroviral therapy. However, the source of persistent HIV in such infected individuals remains unclear. Given recent data suggesting high levels of viral replication and profound depletion of CD4(+) T(More)
We prospectively studied and compared clinical features, treatment, course of illness, and long-term morbidity and mortality rates for Wegener granulomatosis in 23 childhood-onset patients with those of 135 adult-onset patients who were studied concurrently. Treatment was usually provided with glucocorticoids and cyclophosphamide. The mean follow-up period(More)
Although the HLA B(*)5701 class I allele is highly overrepresented among human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-infected long-term nonprogressors (LTNPs), it is also present at the expected frequency (11%) in patients with progressive HIV infection. Whether B57(+) progressors lack restriction of viral replication because of escape from recognition of highly(More)
Induction of broadly cross-reactive neutralizing antibodies (NAb) is an important goal for a prophylactic human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) vaccine. Some HIV-infected patients make a NAb response that reacts with diverse strains of HIV-1, but most candidate vaccines have induced NAb only against a subset of highly sensitive isolates. To better(More)
The effect of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection and high-level HIV replication on the function of monocytes was investigated. HIV-positive patients had elevated levels of spontaneous production of some or all of the monocyte proinflammatory cytokines measured (interleukin-1beta [IL-1beta], IL-6, and tumor necrosis factor alpha [TNF-alpha])(More)