Claire Villalva

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BACKGROUND Only patients with wild-type (WT) KRAS tumors benefit from anti-epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) monoclonal antibodies (Mabs) in metastatic colorectal cancer (mCRC). Pyrosequencing is now widely used for the determination of KRAS mutation burden and a conservative cut-off point of 10% has been defined. Up until now, the impact of(More)
The aim of this study was to determine the frequency of EGFR, KRAS, BRAF, and HER-2 mutations in brain metastases from non-small cell lung carcinomas (BM-NSCLC). A total of 77 samples of BM-NSCLC were included and 19 samples of BM from breast, kidney, and colorectal tumors were also studied as controls. These samples were collected from patients followed(More)
Recent studies have demonstrated a relationship between the expression of stem cell-associated genes and relapses in glioblastoma (GBM), suggesting a key role for tumor stem cells in this process. Although there is increasing interest in this field, glioma stem cells (GSCs) are still poorly characterized, their ‘stemness’ state and factors maintaining these(More)
The murine equivalent of neutrophil gelatinase-associated lipocalin (NGAL) was previously found to be increased by BCR-ABL expression in murine models of chronic myeloid leukemia (CML). Our study evaluates, in CML patients at various clinical stages, the levels of NGAL mRNA in blood samples and protein in sera. A highly significant increase of mRNA(More)
Glioblastoma (GBM), the highest-grade form of gliomas, is the most frequent and the most aggressive. Recently, a subpopulation of cells with stem cells characteristics, commonly named "tumor-initiating stem cells" (TISCs) or "cancer stem cells" (CSCs) were identified in GBM. These cells were shown to be highly resistant to chemotherapeutic drugs and to(More)
Under certain conditions, T4 gene 32 protein is known to increase the efficiency of different enzymes, such as Taq DNA polymerase, reverse transcriptase, and telomerase. In this study, we compared the efficiency of the SMART PCR cDNA synthesis kit with and without the T4 gene 32 protein. The use of this cDNA synthesis procedure, in combination with T4 gene(More)
Glioblastoma (GBM) is the most malignant type of primary brain tumor with a very poor prognosis. The actual standard protocol of treatment for GBM patients consists of radiotherapy and concomitant temozolomide (TMZ). However, the therapeutic efficacy of this treatment is limited due to tumor recurrence and TMZ resistance. Recently isolated, glioma stem-like(More)
In advanced colorectal carcinoma (CRC) patients, extended RAS mutations testing (KRAS exons 2 to 4 and NRAS exons 2 to 4) is a prerequisite for patient stratification to anti-EGFr therapy. Accurately distinguishing mutant patients from potential responders has a clinically critical impact, and thus effective and low cost methods are needed for(More)
Glioblastoma stem cells (GSCs) are believed to be involved in the mechanisms of tumor resistance, therapeutic failures, and recurrences after conventional glioblastoma therapy. Therefore, elimination of GSCs might be a prerequisite for the development of successful therapeutic strategies. ALK, ROS1, and MET are targeted by Crizotinib, a tyrosine kinase(More)