Claire Vidal-Madjar

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Aerosols in Titan's atmosphere play an important role in determining its thermal structure. They also serve as sinks for organic vapours and can act as condensation nuclei for the formation of clouds, where the condensation efficiency will depend on the chemical composition of the aerosols. So far, however, no direct information has been available on the(More)
The split-peak effect was used to determine the association rate constant of the antigen-immobilized antibody reaction. The amount of immobilized human serum albumin antibody on the chromatographic support was varied in order to find the optimal conditions to reduce the mass transfer contribution in the stagnant mobile phase fluid and measure the effective(More)
The direct zonal on-column injection method was applied to a high-performance liquid chromatographic study of pollutant-protein binding interactions in solution. The protein and the protein-ligand complex are excluded on the basis of the size from the diol support, and the free ligand penetrates into the pores and is more retained. The pattern of the ligand(More)
Three different methods of derivatization are tested in order to select and optimize one for the in situ analysis of amino acids in Martian samples. The silylation procedure can easily be automated with a high yield and a linear response in a large range of concentrations. The alkylation method is simple and easily automated, but irreproducible data are(More)
The anion-exchange elution behaviour of alpha-lactalbumin was studied on cross-linked and quaternized polyvinylimidazole, deposited on various high-performance liquid chromatographic supports (porous silica and diol silica). The influence of the nature and thickness of the coating layer on the retention and band-width properties of the protein elution peak(More)
The cometary sampling and composition (COSAC) experiment is one of the principal experiments of the surface lander probe of the European Space Agency Rosetta mission to be launched in January 2003. The instrument is designed for the in situ chemical analysis of a cometary nucleus as the details of the nucleus composition are of primary importance for(More)
Polymers bearing benzamidine moieties have been prepared from reactive copolymer containing chloroformate functions and deposited on porous silica matrices. These high-performance affinity chromatography supports were characterized by quantitative methods, which analyse the zonal elution behaviour of trypsin in the presence of a soluble competitor(More)
To study Titan, the largest moon of Saturn, laboratory simulation experiments have been performed to obtain analogues of Titan's aerosols (named tholins) using different energy sources. Tholins, which have been demonstrated to represent aerosols in Titan's haze layers, are a complex mixture, resulting from the chemical evolution of several hydrocarbons and(More)
Beta-Lactoglobulin is one of the main components of whey proteins. Among other reasons, its allergenicity makes its determination in hypoallergenic foods and bio-pharmaceutical products necessary. Immunoaffinity chromatography is a widely accepted technique for purification and analysis of proteins. Knowledge of the apparent kinetics of the adsorption of(More)
The electrophoretic behavior of alpha-lactalbumin and beta-lactoglobulins (A and B) in the presence of non-ionic surfactants was studied by capillary electrophoresis (CE), using a poly(ethylene glycol) coated capillary column. The surfactants (Tween 20, Brij 35 and 78) were used as buffer additives. The separation is based on the difference in the strength(More)