Claire Vidal-Madjar

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Aerosols in Titan's atmosphere play an important role in determining its thermal structure. They also serve as sinks for organic vapours and can act as condensation nuclei for the formation of clouds, where the condensation efficiency will depend on the chemical composition of the aerosols. So far, however, no direct information has been available on the(More)
Beta-Lactoglobulin is one of the main components of whey proteins. Among other reasons, its allergenicity makes its determination in hypoallergenic foods and bio-pharmaceutical products necessary. Immunoaffinity chromatography is a widely accepted technique for purification and analysis of proteins. Knowledge of the apparent kinetics of the adsorption of(More)
The electrophoretic behavior of alpha-lactalbumin and beta-lactoglobulins (A and B) in the presence of non-ionic surfactants was studied by capillary electrophoresis (CE), using a poly(ethylene glycol) coated capillary column. The surfactants (Tween 20, Brij 35 and 78) were used as buffer additives. The separation is based on the difference in the strength(More)
The split-peak effect was used to determine the association rate constant of the antigen-immobilized antibody reaction. The amount of immobilized human serum albumin antibody on the chromatographic support was varied in order to find the optimal conditions to reduce the mass transfer contribution in the stagnant mobile phase fluid and measure the effective(More)
High-performance liquid chromatography was used to study the retention properties of (R)- and (S)-warfarins on a silica support coated with a beta-cyclodextrin polymer. The influence of the methanol content of the acetate buffer eluent was investigated at pH 4. The measure of the variations of retention time with temperature enables one to determine the(More)
Reversed-phase chromatography is a powerful method for separating recombinant interferon gamma and one of its analogues differing only by a single amino acid residue. Structural differences of the proteins explain this separation ability as demonstrated from adsorption studies on a non-porous reversed-phase support. To reveal the structural differences(More)
As part of the development of the European Space Agency Rosetta space mission to investigate a cometary nucleus, the selection of columns dedicated to the gas chromatographic subsystem of the Cometary Sampling and Composition (COSAC) experiment was achieved. Once the space probe launched, these columns will be exposed to the harsh environmental constraints(More)
Considering the severe constraints of space instrumentation, a great improvement for the in situ gas chromatographic (GC) determination of permanent and noble gases in a cometary nucleus is the use of a new carbon molecular sieve porous layer open tubular (PLOT) column called Carbobond. No exhaustive data dealing with this column being available, studies(More)
The cometary sampling and composition (COSAC) experiment is one of the principal experiments of the surface lander probe of the European Space Agency Rosetta mission to be launched in January 2003. The instrument is designed for the in situ chemical analysis of a cometary nucleus as the details of the nucleus composition are of primary importance for(More)
To study Titan, the largest moon of Saturn, laboratory simulation experiments have been performed to obtain analogues of Titan's aerosols (named tholins) using different energy sources. Tholins, which have been demonstrated to represent aerosols in Titan's haze layers, are a complex mixture, resulting from the chemical evolution of several hydrocarbons and(More)