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The aim of this study was to compare the intra-cyclic velocity graphs of breaststroke swimmers at two skill levels in relation to their movement phases. Two groups of nine male swimmers were videotaped underwater at three swimming race paces corresponding to their actual competitive times for the 200-m, 100-m and 50-m breaststroke. Their forward(More)
EDITORIAL 1 Identification of material parameters through inverse finite element modelling / Sam Evans, Stephane Avril 3 Identification of the material parameters of soft tissues in the compressed leg / L. Dubuis, S. Avril, J. Debayle, P. Badel 13 The non-linear response of a muscle in transverse compression: assessment of geometry influence using a finite(More)
OBJECTIVE To establish the relation between handball playing, passive hip range of motion (ROM), and the development of radiological hip osteoarthritis (OA) in former elite handball players. Two related issues are addressed: (a) the relation between long term elite handball playing and the incidence of hip OA; (b) the relations between hip ROM, OA, and(More)
BACKGROUND The diving response includes cardiovascular adjustments known to decrease oxygen uptake and thus prolong apnea duration. As this diving response is in part characterized by a pronounced decrease in heart rate (HR), it is thought to be vagally mediated. METHODS In five professional breath-hold divers (BHDs) and five less-trained controls (CTL),(More)
The aim of this study was to determine the effects on respiratory drive of two factors, one mechanical (lung volume) and one chemical (sensitivity to hypercapnia), that are involved in determining the breath-hold duration (BHD). Functional residual capacity was measured by helium dilution with the subject seated in air, seated in water and in the prone(More)
Two main factors (chemical and non-chemical factors) are involved in the determination of breath-holding time (BHT). Earlier studies have shown that chemical factors can be modified by training. The aim of this study was to establish whether BHT can be lengthened or shortened by changes in non-chemical factors according to the degree of training of the(More)
Triathletes and elite breath-hold divers show an adaptive response to hypoxia induced by repeated epochs of breath holding. We hypothesized that hypoxic training could also improve swimming coordination. Before and after a 3-month breath-hold training program, 4 male swimmers performed a maximal incremental test on bicycle and a 50-m front crawl race at(More)
The length of breath-hold duration in divers is dependant on a number of interacting variables which include mechanical factors (lung volumes), chemical factors (sensitivity to hypoxia and hypercapnia), non-chemical factors (involuntary muscular contractions), psychological factors (motivation, stress, competition) and various extrinsic factors (training,(More)
The ability to predict performance is of great interest for athletes and coaches. It is helpful for the selection of athletes to a team, the prescription of individualized training and the determination of the optimal pacing strategy. However, it is often difficult to judge the time to exhaustion without maximal exercise testing, which is often difficult to(More)
This study analyzed the relationship between breathing pattern and arm coordination symmetry in 11 expert male swimmers who performed the front crawl at their 100-m race pace using seven randomized breathing patterns. Two indexes of coordination (IdCP and IdCNP) and a symmetry index (SI) based on the difference of IdCP - IdCNP were calculated. IdCP(More)