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The von Hippel-Lindau tumor suppressor protein acts as the substrate recognition component of a ubiquitin E3 ligase that targets hypoxia-inducible factor (HIF)-alpha subunits for proteolysis. Stabilization of HIF-alpha subunits has been described in VHL-defective cell lines, leading to HIF activation and up-regulation of hypoxia-inducible mRNAs. Mutations(More)
Genetic and epigenetic changes in the von Hippel-Lindau (VHL) tumor suppressor gene are common in sporadic conventional renal cell carcinoma (cRCC). Further insight into the clinical significance of these changes may lead to increased biological understanding and identification of subgroups of patients differing prognostically or who may benefit from(More)
PURPOSE The phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase (PI3K) pathway can be activated by alterations affecting several pathway components. For rational application of targeted therapies, detailed understanding of tumor biology and approaches to predict efficacy in individual tumors are required. Our aim was to assess the frequency and distribution of pathway(More)
PURPOSE: This study aimed to carry out a comprehensive analysis of genetic and epigenetic changes of the von Hippel Lindau (VHL) gene in patients with conventional (clear cell) renal cell carcinoma and to determine their significance relative to clinicopathologic characteristics and outcome. EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN: The VHL status in 86 conventional renal cell(More)
PURPOSE There is a need for improved subclassification of urothelial carcinoma (UC) at diagnosis. A major aim of this study was to search for novel genomic subgroups. EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN We assessed 160 tumors for genome-wide copy number alterations and mutation in genes implicated in UC. These comprised all tumor grades and stages and included 49(More)
Radical radiotherapy and surgery achieve similar cure rates in muscle-invasive bladder cancer, but the choice of which treatment would be most beneficial cannot currently be predicted for individual patients. The primary aim of this study was to assess whether expression of any of a panel of DNA damage signaling proteins in tumor samples taken before(More)
Mutation scanning techniques are used to detect sequence variants without the need for prior knowledge of the identity or precise location of the variant, in contrast with genotyping techniques, which determine the status of a specific variant. High-resolution melting is a recently developed method that shows great potential as a mutation scanning(More)
MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are involved in post-transcriptional regulation of gene expression through binding to messenger RNAs (mRNA) thereby promoting mRNA degradation or altered translation. A single-nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) located within a miRNA-binding site could thus alter mRNA translation and influence cancer risk and treatment response. The common(More)
An important class of genetic variants that affect disease susceptibility may lie within regulatory elements that influence gene expression. Regulatory sequences are difficult to identify and may be distant from the genes they regulate, but many lie within evolutionarily conserved regions (ECRs). We used comparative genomics to identify 12 ECRs up to 75 kb(More)
Inactivating mutations of STAG2 have been reported at low frequency in several cancers. In glioblastoma, the function of STAG2 has been related to maintenance of euploidy via its role in the cohesin complex. In a screen of a large series of bladder tumours and cell lines, we found inactivating mutations (nonsense, frameshift and splicing) in 67 of 307(More)