Claire T Yager

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Using both a continuous infusion of isotopically labeled [1-13C]galactose with a steady-state analysis and a single injection kinetic approach, we have calculated the apparent galactose appearance rate (GAR) in patients with galactose-1-phosphate uridyltransferase deficiency and control subjects. With the steady-state protocol, the GAR in 18 patients less(More)
Newborn infants with classic galactosemia, due to galactose-1-phosphate uridyltransferase deficiency, have high levels of galactose metabolites [2]. With the institution of soy-based formulas such as Isomil, which are not entirely galactose free, the high levels of red blood cell galactose-1phosphate and galactitol in urine decrease gradually, but it may(More)
Urinary excretion of galactitol was determined in 95 normals (N/N), 67 galactosemic (G/G), and 39 compound heterozygotes for the Duarte and galactosemia genotype (D/G). Galactitol excretion is age-dependent in both normal individuals and patients with classic galactosemia on lactose-restricted diets. In galactosemic patients who are homozygous for the Q188R(More)
The evolution of larger mammals resulted in a corresponding increase in peripheral nerve length. To ensure optimal nervous system functionality and survival, nerve conduction velocities were likely to have increased to maintain the rate of signal propagation. Increases of conduction velocities may have required alterations in one of the two predominant(More)
The persistent, dietary-independent elevation of galactose metabolites in patients with galactose-1-phosphate uridyltransferase (GALT) deficiency is probably secondary to de novo synthesis of galactose. Relatively constant steady-state levels of galactose metabolites in patients also suggest that non-GALT metabolic pathways must function to dispose of the(More)
The ability of mice deficient in galactose-1-phosphate uridyltransferase (GALT) to metabolize galactose was determined in animals weaned to a mouse chow diet for a 4-wk period. When given [14C]galactose intraperitoneally, these animals slowly oxidized the sugar, excreting only 5.5% of the dose as 14CO2 in 4 h, whereas normal animals excreted 39.9%. These(More)
The red blood cell (RBC) concentration of galactitol and galactonate was measured in 27 patients with galactose-1-phosphate uridyltransferase (GALT) deficiency galactosemia and 19 non-galactosemic subjects by a newly devised isotope dilution gas chromatography/mass spectrometry (GC/MS) method. The method utilizing UL[13C]galactitol and UL[13C]galactonate(More)
Mice deficient in galactose-1-phosphate uridyltransferase (GALT) demonstrate abnormal galactose metabolism but no obvious clinical phenotype. To further dissect the pathways of galactose metabolism in these animals, galactose oxidation and metabolite levels were studied in 16-day-old sucklings and the effect of a 4 week prior exposure to a 40% glucose or(More)
Friedreich ataxia (FRDA) is an autosomal recessive neurodegenerative disorder caused by GAA triplet expansions or point mutations in the FXN gene on chromosome 9q13. The gene product called frataxin, a mitochondrial protein that is severely reduced in FRDA patients, leads to mitochondrial iron accumulation, Fe-S cluster deficiency and oxidative damage. The(More)
BACKGROUND Measurements of alpha-D-galactose 1-phosphate (Gal-1-P) in erythrocytes are used to monitor the adequacy of dietary therapy in the treatment of galactosemia. We have devised a gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC/MS) isotope-dilution method for quantification of Gal-1-P. METHODS We prepared trimethylsilyl (TMS) derivatives and used(More)