Claire Rogel-Gaillard

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A high proportion of purebred Hampshire pigs carries the dominant RN- mutation, which causes high glycogen content in skeletal muscle. The mutation has beneficial effects on meat content but detrimental effects on processing yield. Here, it is shown that the mutation is a nonconservative substitution (R200Q) in the PRKAG3 gene, which encodes a(More)
For 10,000 years pigs and humans have shared a close and complex relationship. From domestication to modern breeding practices, humans have shaped the genomes of domestic pigs. Here we present the assembly and analysis of the genome sequence of a female domestic Duroc pig (Sus scrofa) and a comparison with the genomes of wild and domestic pigs from Europe(More)
A segment of 158,063 nucleotides of the pig major histocompatibility complex (SLA) and corresponding to the junction of the class I and class III regions was sequenced entirely. The centromeric part of the segment contained six class III genes including the three tumor necrosis factor genes, while the telomeric part contained three genes belonging to the(More)
This report summarizes the new swine leukocyte antigen (SLA) allele sequences and haplotypes designated by the SLA Nomenclature Committee of the International Society for Animal Genetics. There have been 74 new SLA alleles, comprising 18 SLA-1 alleles, 11 SLA-2 alleles, six SLA-3 alleles, two SLA-6 alleles, one SLA-DRA allele, 20 SLA-DRB1 alleles, three(More)
A map of the SLA complex, or swine major histocompatibility complex (MHC), class I region was constructed by alignment of yeast artificial chromosomes (YACs) harboring MHC class I genes as well as anchor genes already mapped within the human MHC complex (HLA). Five YACs containing 9 anchor genes built a contig of about 1.0-1.2 Mb between the SLA class III(More)
Designing sustainable animal production systems that better balance productivity and resistance to disease is a major concern. In order to address questions related to immunity and resistance to disease in pig, it is necessary to increase knowledge on its immune system and to produce efficient tools dedicated to this species. A long-oligonucleotide-based(More)
We have sequenced 2,388 bp of the European rabbit sex determining region Y (SRY) gene. These data provide a 10-fold increase in the coverage of the Y chromosome in this species, including the entire open reading frame of the SRY, the polyadenylation signal, and two repetitive sequences in the 5' -region. A survey of 2021 bp of this gene in eight domestic(More)
In swine, distinct centromeric satellite DNA families have been described that correspond to either all the metacentric chromosomes except the Y (Mc1) or all the acrocentric chromosomes (Ac2). Using primed in situ (PRINS) labeling, we show here that primers derived from various sequences specifically label the centromeres of different subgroups of(More)
A porcine bacterial artificial chromosome (BAC) library was constructed using the pBeloBAC11 vector. It comprised 107,520 clones with an average insert size of 135 kb, representing an almost fivefold coverage of the swine haploid genome. Screening of the library allowed recovery of one to eight clones for 142 unique markers located all over the genome,(More)
Direct detection of fluorescent in situ hybridization signals on R-banded chromosomes stained with propidium iodide is a rapid and efficient method for constructing cytogenetic maps for species with R-banded standard karyotypes. In this paper, our aim is to establish an R-banded rabbit karyotype nomenclature that is in total agreement with the 1981 G-banded(More)