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PURPOSE To prospectively evaluate the elastographic appearance of thyroid gland tumors and explore the potential sensitivity and specificity of ultrasonographic (US) elastography for differentiating benign and malignant tumors, with histopathologic analysis as the reference standard. MATERIALS AND METHODS The study was institutional review board approved,(More)
Elasticity imaging is based on the measurements of local tissue deformation. The approach to ultrasound elasticity imaging presented in this paper relies on the estimation of dense displacement fields by a coarse-to-fine minimization of an energy function that combines constraints of conservation of echo amplitude and displacement field continuity. The(More)
Imaging systems are most effective for detection and classification when they exploit contrast mechanisms specific to particular disease processes. A common example is mammography, where the contrast depends on local changes in cell density and the presence of microcalcifications. Unfortunately the specificity for classifying malignant breast disease is(More)
The technology for determination of the 3D vascular tree and quantitative characterization of the vessel lumen and vessel wall has become available. With this technology, cardiologists will no longer rely primarily on visual inspection of coronary angiograms but use sophisticated modeling techniques combining images from various modalities for the(More)
Breast lesion visibility in static strain imaging ultimately is noise limited. When correlation and related techniques are applied to estimate local displacements between two echo frames recorded before and after a small deformation, target contrast increases linearly with the amount of deformation applied. However, above some deformation threshold,(More)
Ultrasonic elasticity imaging is a promising new tool for breast cancer diagnosis and management. Ultrasound is applied to sense small local tissue deformations noninvasively to image stiffness and thus exploit the large intrinsic stiffness contrast generated during the progression of many diseases in vivo. This paper briefly reviews several related(More)
An experimental measurement technique that directly measures the magnitude and spatial distribution of scatter in relation to primary radiation is presented in this work. The technique involves the acquisition of magnified edge spread function (ESF) images with and without scattering material present. The ESFs are normalized and subtracted to yield(More)
A three-dimensional (3D) reconstruction of the vessel lumen from two angiographic views, based on the reconstruction of a series of cross-sections, is proposed. Assuming uniform mixing of contrast medium and background subtraction, the cross-section of each vessel is reconstructed through a binary representation. A priori information about both the slice to(More)
Contrast-enhanced ultrasound (CEUS), with the recent development of both contrast-specific imaging modalities and microbubble-based contrast agents, allows noninvasive quantification of microcirculation in vivo. Nevertheless, functional parameters obtained by modeling contrast uptake kinetics could be impaired by respiratory motion. Accordingly, we(More)