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A candidate CYP51 gene encoding sterol 14α-demethylase from the fish oomycete pathogen Saprolegnia parasitica (SpCYP51) was identified based on conserved CYP51 residues among CYPs in the genome. It was heterologously expressed in Escherichia coli, purified, and characterized. Lanosterol, eburicol, and obtusifoliol bound to purified SpCYP51 with similar(More)
We identified a clinical isolate of Candida glabrata (CG156) exhibiting flocculent growth and cross-resistance to fluconazole (FLC), voriconazole (VRC), and amphotericin B (AMB), with MICs of >256, >256, and 32 μg ml(-1), respectively. Sterol analysis using gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC-MS) revealed that CG156 was a sterol 14α-demethylase(More)
Two novel isolates of Candida glabrata exhibiting reduced sensitivity to amphotericin B (MIC, 8 μg ml(-1)) were found to be ERG2 mutants, wherein Δ(8)-sterol intermediates comprised >90% of the total cellular sterol fraction. Both harbored an alteration at Thr(121) in ERG2; the corresponding residue (Thr(119)) in Saccharomyces cerevisiae is essential for(More)
The binding and cytochrome P45051 (CYP51) inhibition properties of a novel antifungal compound, VT-1161, against purified recombinant Candida albicans CYP51 (ERG11) and Homo sapiens CYP51 were compared with those of clotrimazole, fluconazole, itraconazole, and voriconazole. VT-1161 produced a type II binding spectrum with Candida albicans CYP51,(More)
Microbial biotechnology and biotransformations promise to diversify the scope of the biorefinery approach for the production of high-value products and biofuels from industrial, rural and municipal waste feedstocks. In addition to bio-based chemicals and metabolites, microbial biomass itself constitutes an obvious but overlooked by-product of existing(More)
Reducing indiscriminate antimicrobial usage to combat the expansion of multidrug-resistant human-pathogenic bacteria is fundamental to clinical antibiotic stewardship. In contrast to bacteria, fungal resistance traits are not understood to be propagated via mobile genetic elements, and it has been proposed that a global explosion of resistance to medical(More)
BACKGROUND Genetically customised Saccharomyces cerevisiae that can produce ethanol and additional bio-based chemicals from sustainable agro-industrial feedstocks (for example, residual plant biomass) are of major interest to the biofuel industry. We investigated the microbial biorefinery concept of ethanol and squalene co-production using S. cerevisiae(More)
PURPOSE The study examined participation in the Basic Skills Faculty Development Workshops (BSW) offered by the Physician Assistant Education Association (PAEA). The aim was to determine the effects of participation on perceived mastery of teaching skills and job satisfaction. METHODS The 1,290 faculty and program director members of PAEA were invited to(More)
Alcohol-based disinfectants are used for the removal of microbial hard surface bioburden in Life science Cleanrooms. Evidence for using formulations containing 70% alcohol has been lost over time but probably originates from historical observations of the activity of 60-70% alcohol. Tradition is no longer adequate to inform contemporary cleaning practice.(More)
The global healthcare burden of venous thromboembolism (VTE) and associated comorbidities (e.g., obesity, heart disease and cancer) is significant. Physical activity-especially cardiovascular exercise-is popularly acclaimed for gold-standard prevention. Paradoxically, intensive training can expose athletes to several potentially thrombogenic risk factors(More)