Claire M. Condron

Learn More
Hereditary deficiency of the protein α-1 antitrypsin (AAT) causes a chronic lung disease in humans that is characterized by excessive mobilization of neutrophils into the lung. However, the reason for the increased neutrophil burden has not been fully elucidated. In this study we have demonstrated using human neutrophils that serum AAT coordinates both(More)
BACKGROUND Abnormal release of inflammatory mediators following surgical injury is associated with immunological alteration, which may predispose to sepsis. Laparoscopic surgery is associated with reduced postoperative complications, but mechanisms are unclear. We hypothesized that early recovery following laparoscopic surgery may relate to minimal(More)
Tissue hypoxia occurs where there is an imbalance between oxygen supply and consumption. Hypoxia occurs in solid tumours as a result of an inadequate supply of oxygen, due to exponential cellular proliferation and an inefficient vascular supply. It is an adverse prognostic indicator in cancer as it is associated with tumour progression and resistance to(More)
OBJECTIVE To find out if pretreatment with taurine would reduce the severity of endotoxin-induced acute lung injury in a large animal model. DESIGN Randomised controlled study under licence from the Department of Health. SETTING Department of Surgical Research, Ireland. ANIMALS 15 male Suffolk sheep. INTERVENTIONS Vascular catheters were placed in(More)
Apoptosis is a distinct mechanism by which eukaryotic cells die. Neutrophils (PMN) play a fundamental role in the systemic inflammatory response syndrome. Clearance of PMN during resolution of the acute inflammatory process occurs by apoptosis, but factors inducing this process are unknown. The aims of this study were to determine whether PMN ingestion of(More)
Activation-induced cell death (AICD) is the process by which cells undergo apoptosis in a controlled manner through the interaction of a death factor and its receptor. Programmed cell death can be induced by a number of physiological and pathological factors including Fas (CD95)-Fas ligand (FasL/CD95L) interaction, tumour necrosis factor (TNF), ceramide,(More)
This study was designed to test the hypothesis that the antioxidant taurine may modulate human endothelial cell (EC) death (apoptosis versus necrosis). Sodium arsenite (80 microM) alone and in combination with tumor necrosis factor-alpha (25 ng/mL) caused EC apoptosis after 24 h of treatment. Taurine (.5 mg/mL) added at 0 and 6 h could significantly(More)
There is increasing evidence that vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) has autocrine as well as paracrine functions in tumour biology. Vascular endothelial growth factor-mediated cell survival signalling occurs via the classical tyrosine kinase receptors Flt-1, KDR/Flk-1 and the more novel neuropilin (NP) receptors, NP-1 and NP-2. A 24-mer peptide,(More)
BACKGROUND This review article discusses the clinical and diagnostic implications of anaplastic thyroid cancer, recognizing the aggressive nature of the disease and extensive disease progression upon diagnosis. Standard treatment strategies (surgical, chemotherapy, radiation) are discussed, comparing adjuvant and neo-adjuvant regimens and the emergence of(More)
Urinary tract infection (UTI), most frequently caused by Escherichia coli, is one of the most common bacterial infections in humans. It is a host inflammatory response to bacterial invasion in which large numbers of neutrophils are recruited into the bladder in response to cytokines secreted by the infected bladder epithelium. We hypothesise that an(More)