Claire Loison

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Phospholipids are essential building blocks of biological membranes. Despite a vast amount of very accurate experimental data, the atomistic resolution structures sampled by the glycerol backbone and choline headgroup in phoshatidylcholine bilayers are not known. Atomistic resolution molecular dynamics simulations have the potential to resolve the(More)
Despite the vast amount of experimental and theoretical studies on the binding affinity of cations - especially the biologically relevant Na(+) and Ca(2+) - for phospholipid bilayers, there is no consensus in the literature. Here we show that by interpreting changes in the choline headgroup order parameters according to the 'molecular electrometer' concept(More)
We investigate pores in fluid membranes by molecular dynamics simulations of an amphiphile-solvent mixture, using a molecular coarse-grained model. The amphiphilic membranes self-assemble into a lamellar stack of amphiphilic bilayers separated by solvent layers. We focus on the particular case of tensionless membranes, in which pores spontaneously appear(More)
Second harmonic generation (SHG) spectrometry has been recently applied to investigate the structure of proteins and sugars (collagen, myosin, starch, etc.). The interpretation of experimental data at the molecular length-scale remains often qualitative because of the difficulty to model the SHG signal of such large molecules. Simpson and co-workers(More)
The use of visible absorbing and fluorescent tags for sensing and structural analysis of carbohydrates is a promising route in a variety of medical, diagnostic, and therapeutic contexts. Here we report an easy method for covalent attachment of nonfluorescent push-pull chromophores based on the 4-cyano-5-dicyanomethylene-2-oxo-3-pyrroline ring to(More)
We present a joint experimental and theoretical study of the photoabsorption and photodissociation behavior of crystal violet, that is, the tris[p-(dimethylamino)phenyl]methyl cation. The photodissociation spectra of isolated and microsolvated crystal violet have been measured. A single band is observed for the bare cation. This is in good agreement with(More)
We review recent molecular dynamics simulations of thermally activated undulations and defects in the lamellar Lα phase of a binary amphiphile-solvent mixture, using an idealized molecular coarse-grained model: Solvent particles are represented by beads, and amphiphiles by bead-and-spring tetramers. We find that our results are in excellent agreement with(More)
Although the key role of lipid bilayer stacks in biological lubrication is generally accepted, the mechanisms underlying their extreme efficiency remain elusive. In this article, we report molecular dynamics simulations of lipid bilayer stacks undergoing load and shear. When the hydration level is reduced, the velocity accommodation mechanism changes from(More)
The second harmonic generation (SHG) response at the air-water interface from the tyrosine-containing natural iturinic cyclo-lipopeptides mycosubtilin, iturin A and bacillomycin D is reported. It is shown that this response is dominated by the single tyrosine residue present in these molecules owing to the large first hyperpolarizability arising from the(More)
The friction between two rubbing surfaces lubricated by water can be diminished if they are coated with phospholipidic bilayers or brushes of polyelectrolytes. In the case of a coating by lipid membranes, the friction is lower when the lipids are in the gel phase rather than in the liquid phase. We investigated the response of fluid or gel bilayers to a(More)