Claire Lacombe

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The Crustacean hyperglycemic hormones (CHHs) are an ever extending family of crustacean hormones mainly involved in carbohydrate metabolism, molt and reproduction. In this paper, we drew together 32 available CHH sequences, and applied the techniques of multiple sequence alignment, motif searching and amino acid conservation analysis to the characterization(More)
The present study investigates the relationships between structural polymorphism, adsorption onto membrane mimetic support, lipid disturbance, and biological activity of bactericidal 23-residue, glycine-leucine-rich dermaseptin orthologues from the Phyllomedusinae frog skin, the "plasticins". Biological activities were evaluated using the membrane models(More)
Dermaseptin S9 (Drs S9), GLRSKIWLWVLLMIWQESNKFKKM, isolated from frog skin, does not resemble any of the cationic and amphipathic antimicrobial peptides identified to date, having a highly hydrophobic core sequence flanked at either side by cationic termini. Previous studies [Lequin O, Ladram A, Chabbert A, Bruston F, Convert O, Vanhoye D, Chassaing G,(More)
The present study was performed to investigate the possible effects of wheat germ supplementation on lipid metabolism in humans. Ten free-living adult subjects participated in the study. None was obese or diabetic. They all presented an hypercholesterolemia (from 6.58 to 9.50 mM), associated in 6 over 10 cases to an hypertriglyceridemia (from 1.70 to 5.00(More)
A comparative study was designed to evaluate the staphylococcidal efficiency of two sequence-related plasticins from the dermaseptin superfamily we screened previously. Their bactericidal activities against Staphylococcus aureus as well as their chemotactic potential were investigated. The impact of the GraS/GraR two-component system involved in regulating(More)
The development of the dermal glands of the arboreal frog Phyllomedusa bicolor was investigated by immunocytochemistry and electron microscopy. The 3 types of glands (mucous, lipid and serous) differed in size and secretory activity. The mucous and serous glands were apparent in the tadpole skin, whereas the lipid glands developed later in ontogenesis. The(More)
Adult male rats were fed for 7 wk either a low fat diet (3% fat) or a high fat-cholesterol diet (20% fat, 0.5% cholesterol) containing 7% wheat germ or not. Body weights and food intakes were unchanged by adding wheat germ to the control low fat or high fat diets. Adding wheat germ to the high fat-cholesterol diet significantly increased high density(More)
Plasticins (PTC) are dermaseptin-related antimicrobial peptides characterized by a large number of leucine and glycine residues arranged in GXXXG motifs that are often described to promote helix association within biological membranes. We report the structure and interaction properties of two plasticins, PTC-B1 from Phyllomedusa bicolor and a cationic(More)
The influence of a high-fat, cholesterol-free diet on the lipoprotein pattern is compared in New Zealand hyperresponder and Fauve de Bourgogne hyporesponder rabbits. Quantitative as well as qualitative differences were observed. The high-fat diet induces an increase in both LDL and HDL in the Fauve de Bourgogne, the ratio VLDL + LDL/HDL cholesterol being(More)
The changes in apolipoproteins on cholestyramine therapy associated with cholesterol feeding were compared to those observed in cholesterol-fed rabbits. Only one molecular species of apo B, identified as apo B-100, was present whatever the dietary or pharmacological treatment indicating the hepatic origin of apo B-containing lipoproteins in these(More)