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Transcription activator-like effector nuclease (TALEN) and zinc finger nuclease (ZFN) genome editing technology enables site directed engineering of the genome. Here we demonstrate for the first time that both TALEN and ZFN injected directly into pig zygotes can produce live genome edited pigs. Monoallelic as well as heterozygous and homozygous biallelic(More)
AIMS The psychological outcome of family carers after bereavement is an important issue in evaluating palliative care services. Palliative care services have the potential to provide preventive psychosocial intervention to family carers prior to bereavement, but are faced with the need to identify those who may have greatest risk of adverse outcome. This(More)
Lentiviral vectors have recently emerged as an efficient method of transgene delivery to the germline of animals. We now demonstrate that combining this efficiency with embryo splitting procedures enables the production of monozygotic twins, one of which is transgenic. We propose that this approach can be used to generate animals in which cell or tissue(More)
The gene encoding E. coli nitroreductase (NTR) was expressed in the luminal cells of the mammary gland of transgenic mice using the ovine beta-lactoglobulin promoter. Treatment of NTR expressing animals with the prodrug CB1954 (5-aziridin-1-yl-2-4-dinitrobenzamide) resulted in a rapid and selective killing of this population of cells whereas the closely(More)
Heart fatty acid binding protein (H-FABP) is expressed abundantly in the mammary gland. A number of in vitro studies have shown that H-FABP is functionally indistinguishable from a factor isolated from this organ, termed mammary derived growth inhibitor (MDGI), which specifically inhibits the proliferation of mammary tissue. We have previously shown that(More)
The major physiological function of milk is the transport of amino acids, carbohydrates, lipids and minerals to mammalian offspring. Caseins, the major milk proteins, are secreted in the form of a micelle consisting of protein and calcium-phosphate.We have analysed the role of the milk protein α-casein by inactivating the corresponding gene in mice. Absence(More)
Pluripotent stem cells offer unprecedented potential not only for human medicine but also for veterinary medicine, particularly in relation to the horse. Induced pluripotent stem cells (iPSCs) are particularly promising, as they are functionally similar to embryonic stem cells and can be generated in vitro in a patient-specific manner. In this study, we(More)
OBJECTIVE To identify biomarkers which distinguish severe sepsis/septic shock from uncomplicated sepsis in the Emergency Department (ED). METHODS Patients with sepsis underwent serial blood sampling, including arrival in the ED and up to three subsequent time points over the first 24 hours. Messenger RNA (mRNA) levels of 13 genes representing arms of the(More)
Traumatic brain injury (TBI) encompasses a broad range of injury mechanisms and severity. A detailed determination of TBI severity can be a complex challenge, with current clinical tools sometimes insufficient to tailor a clinical response to a spectrum of patient needs. Blood biomarkers of TBI may supplement clinical assessments but currently available(More)
We previously reported on a 26-year-old patient who presented early during a large and eventually fatal cerebral infarct. Microarray analysis of blood samples from this patient demonstrated initially up-regulated and subsequently down-regulated Granzyme B (GzmB) expression, along with progressive up-regulation of genes for S100 calcium binding protein A12(More)